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初三英语专题复习 任务型阅读人教版(新目标)
【本讲教育信息】
一. 教学内容:
专题复习 任务型阅读
二. 教学过程
任务型阅读也可称为“读后做”。完成这一题型应非常细致,应认真地到原材料中收集有用的信息,并且经过整理输出信息。因为这一题型涉及到写,应特别注意大小写及书写规范问题。它往往与生活实际挂钩,涉及天气预报、电视节目、预定门票、预定房间、预定机票、填写申请表格、发布广告、确定方位、排列顺序、电话记录等生活实例和有关日常生活话题的简短文字材料以及书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文章等。阅读内容浅显,易于把握。题目设计既不直接呈现答案,也不增添解题的弯度。任务型阅读题中的任务已不同于阅读理解题中的选择题或写作中表达自己的观点,而是在理解文字的基础上,或完成相应的信息匹配,或完成相应的图表,或完成相应的文字表达,从而能够有效地考查考生用英语做事的能力。
任务型阅读不同于传统的选择型阅读理解题,是对传统选择型阅读理解题的补充和完善。常被采用的题型有如下几种:
(1)选择匹配型
这种类型的任务型阅读题与传统的选择型阅读题很相似,要求根据阅读的文本/图片等信息找出与题意要求相匹配的选项,主要考查学生捕捉有效信息的能力和单词的运用能力。在解题过程中关键在于正确把握题目的要求与文本信息要求相一致的一一对应。
1  Jeff likes sports and travel. He would like something that can help him spend boring time on his journey.
2  Mrs. Scott doesn’t like to exercise, but she likes cooking and reading books about foreign places.
3  Mr. Dean wants to improve his garden during summer, so he would like something that could help him to do that.
4  Lisa, a 22-year-old girl, worries about her weight. She is wondering how to lose weight.
5  Sophia likes to look smart. When she is free, she enjoys listening to music. Now she plans to learn something about music.
A. Learn how to play the guitar. This popular video helps the beginner to become a guitar player in just 200 hours.
B. Road trips, a program loved by young people, especially those fat girls. Join in it and make yourself become thin.
C. The new pocket MP4. This kind of MP4 fits right into your pocket. It lets you listen to your favorite artist, even when you’re on a journey.
D. Singapore. The story of a city. This book is about the favorite dishes of this small country.
E. Special scissors. This kind of tool will make it easy to deal with flowers and trees. Any one can learn to use it quickly.
答案:CDEBA
A                                   B
The Chinese Red Cross
honestly invites financial
air from worldwide to support
people in the earthquake-hit area.
Online donations:
Red Cross Society of China website
www. redcross.org. cn
The Same Song Come to Fuzhou
●Want to spend a wonderful evening?
●Want to enjoy exciting hip-hop?
●Want to see your favorite pop singer?
Come on!
PLACE: Sports Center
TIME: 7:30 pm Sep. 16 TICKET: ¥50
C                         D                         E
Tour Guide Wanted
Age between 20-30
Good health
Two foreign languages
Apply to: Red Rose Travel Agency
Tel: 0591-2233666
A Basketball Game
Class One VS Class Six
Place: School Playground
Time: 3:50 pm this Friday
Please come and watch it!
Sunny Seafood Restaurant
●Fresh
●Tasty
●Reasonable price
Add: Haibin Road
Tel: 0591-82237583
请将上面五条信息与下面各小题匹配。
1. Mike is fond of music. Sometimes he goes to the concert.
2. Father’s Day is coming. Linda wants to invite her father todinner.
3. Tom is a sports fan. He often watches ball games with hisclassmates.
4. Judy will graduate from a college next month. She’s looking for ajob.
5. Mr Chen is a kind-hearted man. He’s always ready to help others.
答案:BEDCA
【答题技巧】
这种题可以选择句子或图片,回答相关的问题,做题时可以从易到难,抓住关键词,逐项排除,最后确定答案。
(2)短文填空型
这种形式可以看作是非选择性的完形填空,是在语篇中考查语言知识的一种综合题型,有下面几种类型:有的所需词已在文前给出,有的给出所缺单词的首字母,有的给出汉语,有的给出图片信息,要求被测者根据所给的提示来完成文中所缺单词。
阅读短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词。
Nearly 2,000 years ago, during the Han Dynasty, there was a personcalled Ying Chen. One day, he invited Du Xuan to his house and treated him withwine. On the wall of the room h  1    a red bow. Its shadow appeared in Du Xuan’scup. Du Xuan took the shadow for a snake. He was f   2    hut he didn’t refuse out of politeness. Hedrank wine w   3     his eyes closed.
When he was back home he felt so sick that he could h   4     eat and drink any more. He sent for thedoctor and took some m   5    ,but nothing could cure him. W   6    Ying Chen went to ask Du Xuan how he got soseriously ill, Du told him about the snake in the wine. Chen returned home,thought hard, b   7    he could not find the answer. S   8    the bow on the wall caught his eyes. “ That’sit!” he shouted. He immediately sent for Du Xuan. He seated him where he satbefore and offered him a cup of wine. Du Xuan saw the snake-like shadow again.Ying Chen said, pointing at the shadow, “The ‘snake’ in the cup is n   9     but a shadow of the bow on the wall!”
Now that Du Xuan knew w  10     it was, he felt much easier. And strangeenough, his illness disappeared the next moment.
This story turned out to be the idiom “Bei Gong She Ying”.
答案:1. hung  2. frightened  3. with 4. hardly  5. medicine
6. When  7. but  8. Suddenly 9. nothing  10. what
阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语的意思写出单词的正确形式。(每空一词)
On May 12th, 2008, a terrible earthquake happened in Wenchuan, Sichuan.After that, almost all of the buildings were destroyed.   1   (千)of people were hurt or killed. At the   2  (相同的)time, stories of how teacherssaved the students and often sacrificed(献出)their own   3  (生命)in the earthquake are alreadybeginning to move more and more people around the country.
Tan Qianqiu was a politics teacher, who   4    (教书)in Dongqi Middle School. On Monday morning he got up at six as   5   (平常的). Then he dressed their babydaughter and took the child for a walk before    6  (离开)for work. When the earthquakehit, he was in the classroom with his students. After the earthquake, peoplefound Tan covered four students    7  (在下面)his body. All the four studentswere saved. However, Tan, only 51, left his wife and two daughters for ever.
We all feel    8  (真正的)sad when we hear such stories. But we are also    9  (自豪的)of these teachers. People allover the country regard them as    10  (我们的)national heroes. We will neverforget them.
答案:1. Thousands  2. same  3. lives 4. taught  5. usual
6. leaving  7. under  8. really 9. proud  10. our
【答题技巧】
本题型主要考查拼写单词。要注意拼写正确,词形、词性有无变化,是否需要大写。动词要注意时态、语态、第三人称单数等。
(3)完成图表型
此类任务型阅读要求我们在理解文本信息的基础上,根据材料提供的直接信息或由我们推理、提炼后的间接信息完成题目要求的任务。其阅读内容更贴近学生的生活实际,任务的设置变化多样,不光有简单信息的捕捉,而且有阅读短文,通过对短文信息的归纳,加工处理,运用语言逻辑推理和思维能力来完成图表。
Chinese athlete Liu Xiang, winner of gold medal in the men’s 110m hurdles at the Athens Olympics,published his book, I’m Liu Xiang,recently in his hometown of Shanghai.
It seems that many people can’t help comparing Liu Xiang withanother Shanghai native, basketball giant(巨星)Yao Ming, who also recentlypublished his book, A Life in Two Worlds.Manager Dai, the editor of the book I’mLiu Xiang, explained the differences between the two books as he saw them. Firstly,Yao’s book waswritten mainly for Americans, while Liu’s readers well be mainly Chinese. Secondly,A Life in Two Worlds was written in thethird person singular(单数)by an American writer whorecorded Yao Ming’s stories, I’m LiuXiang was written in the first person and included many articles from hisdiaries. Lastly, according to Dai, Yao enjoyed the advantage of being born in asporty, rich family, unlike Liu, who came from a working class family andtherefore had to go through greater hardship(艰难)before becoming a world-knownathlete. So if you enjoy reading about mental(精神上的)suffering and physical pain,read I’m Liu Xiang. If you want topractice your English, read A Life in TwoWorlds.
Liu Xiang
Yao Ming
Job
an athlete in 110m hurdles
1.
Family
2.
a sporty, rich family
New book’s name
I’m Liu Xiang
A Life in Two Worlds
New book’s readers
3.
mainly Americans
New book is suitable for
people who enjoy reading about mental suffering and physical pain
people who want to 4.
答案:
1. a basketball player/giant/star 2. a working class family
3.mainly Chinese  4. practice English
From June 1st, all Chinese retailers(零售商), including supermarkets, department stores and grocery stores,would no longer provide free plastic shopping bags. Shoppers will pay between0.2 yuan to 2 yuan for the plastic bags they use. Different supermarkets havefixed different prices according to the cost of their plastic bags.
The most expensive shopping bags come from Jusco Supermarkets, aJapanese retail group in Guangzhou.The price of its largest bags is 2 yuan.
In Shanghai, Lotus Supermarkets set theirretail price at 0.3 yuan, and thebags will be printed with bar codes(条形码)as goods for sale.
Walmart Supermarkets in Shanghaihave not decided on the prices for plastic bags. But the company has beentrying to provide different kinds of alternativebags(代替袋)at itsretail stores. They are sold from 1.5 yuanto 2.9 yuan, depending on differentsizes.
In Beijing,Wumart Supermarkets also priced plastic shopping bags at 0.2 yuan and 0.4 yuan, which hold weights of 10 kg. and 20 kg.
But most customers said the price is too high.
Cities
Supermarkets
Differences
Shanghai
Lotus
the bags with bar codes cost    1   yuan
Shanghai
2
provide different kinds of alternative bags
3
Wumart
priced plastic shopping bags at 0.2 yuan and 0.4 yuan
Guangzhou
4
the bags provided in the supermarkets are the most    5
答案:1. 0.3   2. Walmart  3. Beijing   4. Jusco  5. expensive
【答题技巧】
此类题目设计通常不难、直截了当,只要通读文本信息,注意信息中所述事实或细节,注意句子的意义和语法结构,就不难填出正确答案。
(4)回答问题型
此类任务型阅读要求我们根据短文、表格、图片或图文结合的材料回答命题者设定的问题,所设置的任务通过事实或细节的查找就能完成,与普通阅读理解的解题方法相似,只是题目设计采用了主观题形式,没有给出选项,需要我们从材料中寻求信息,以一个完整的句子,或者是其适当的缩略形式作答。从问题所涉及的内容看,考查文本表层理解多于深层理解,其设计的问题多为五W或一般疑问句的细节性问题,而涉及推理判断、文章主旨、写作意图及作者态度、感受等的题目则少之又少。此类题型是学生失分较多的题型之一,要求学生有较扎实的语言基础和较强的综合运用英语的能力。
The aim of students who come to school is to study. But to studyrequires a right way, or you waste either the time or the money. The followingare the ways of studying.
The best time for reading is morning, because in the morning, theair is fresh and the mind is clear. For that reason, we can get good result.
①Instudying we must have patience. If we have notknown a text well, we must read it again. We should not read the next one untilwe have learned the first one.
②Whenwe are studying, we must put our hearts into the book, or we can get nothing from the book while we are reading.
We must always ask “whys”. If it is not well understood, write itdown and ask our teachers or our parents, or friends. In any possible way, wemust know it completely and what we’ve learned can be used well and madebetter.
Though there are many ways for studying, yet the above mentionedwill be quite enough if we can keep them in heart and do so.
任务一: 根据短文内容回答下列问题。
1.What’s the main idea of the passage?
.
2.How many ways for studying are mentioned in the passage?
.
3.Why must we always ask “whys” in our study?
.
任务二:4. 将文中划线的句子翻译成汉语。
①                                    .
②                                   .
答案:
1. Good ways of studying. / How to study well.
2. Four.
3. Because we must know what we’ve learned completely. / It ishelpful for us to know what we can’t understand.
4. ①在学习中我们要有耐心。
②学习的时候,我们必须全神贯注于课本。
Gift giving isdifferent from culture to culture and person to person.
When giving gifts, sometimes color is important. For example, formany Chinese people around the world, red is a lucky color, and people oftenlike to wrap(包装)gifts in this color. However, doyou know that in Korea,red is a color of death? That is why you should not wrap gifts in this color ifyou are giving a gift to a Korean person.
What about western countries? In western countries, the color ofwrapping paper is not really important. But color does matter when givingflowers, especially roses. You should not give red roses to a western personyou don’t know very well because they are a symbol(象征)of love. You could give yellowroses instead as these are a symbol of friendship. You could also send pinkroses as gifts to say thank you.
What other things should you remember when giving gifts to someonefrom a different culture? Well, one thing you should keep in mind is the person’sreligion(宗教). When choosing a gift for a Muslim(回教徒的)or Jewish(犹太族的)friend, you should never getfood including pork, or things made from pigskin. Another thing that you shouldnot get for a Muslim person is alcohol(酒).
1. In which country do people think red isthe color of death?
2. How can we show our friendship to thewestern friends?
3. Can we give a Muslim friend a bottle ofalcohol as a gift?
4 How many colors are mentioned in thispassage?
5. What’s the main idea of this passage?
答案:
1.(In)Korea.
2. We can send / give them yellow roses.
( 或By sending / giving them yellow roses. 或 Send / Give yellow roses to them.)
3. No, we can’t.
4. Three.
5. Gift giving is different from culture to culture and person toperson.
【答题技巧】
1. 如果是问答题,一定要依据问句的形式和内容答题。
一般疑问句要用yes或no来回答,特殊疑问句要根据特殊疑问词来具体回答。例如:
◆What kind of food usually makes a healthychild become an overweight one?
High-fat food. (注:如果考生答“Eat High-fat food.” 给1分。因为what问句的答案应是名词性质。)
◆ How will a healthy child become if he or shedoes no exercise?
Overweight. / He(She)will become overweight.
(注:如果考生答“An overweight child/He(She)'ll become an overweight child.” 给1分。因为become 后应为形容词。)
◆Is it easy or difficult for an overweightchild to do exercise in P. E. lessons?
Difficult./It's difficult. (注:如果考生答“Yes,it's difficult.” 给1分。因为选择疑问句不能用yes或no来回答。)
2. 如果是翻译句子应注意结合上下文具体的语境。
3. 如果是概括主题思想或者自拟题目,一定要找到主题句(往往是首句或结尾句)。如果没有主题句,概括时应全面简练。
(5)多元综合型
此类任务型阅读是上述各种题型的综合,可以给出不同的任务让学生逐一完成。
先阅读(A)、(B)两篇短文,然后根据题目要求及所给语境完成下列四项任务。
(A)
specially, take, different, they,
About 100 countries in the world now have a day to respect(尊重)mothers. The celebration of Mother’s Day can get sons and daughtersto realize all the efforts     1    own mothers have made for them. The date andname may have a few    2     from one country to another. But the purposeis the same—to     3    the love for mothers. Children celebrate theday with gifts like     4    greeting cards(贺卡), cakes and flowers. Especially(尤其), children must do whatever they can to help mothers and make themhappy on Mother’s Day.     5    mothers out for lunch or dinner has become atraditional treat on Mother’s Day.
(B)
You will find traffic noise disappearing as soon as you arrive in Venice(威尼斯). So as you walk down the narrow(狭窄的)streets, you only have to avoidcrowds of people. About 19 million travellers visit Venice for the enjoyable environment, art andfood each year.
Seeing Veniceon foot is the best. You can walk through the city in about an hour. Lookaround St. Mark’s Basilica and the Doge’s Place. But you should know walkingalong the streets isn’t as easy as travelling on the city’s canals(运河). The canals are Venice’s“streets”. And you can enjoy the Grand Canal, the Rialto Bridgeand many wooden buildings.
Venice is fantastic. You shouldn’t miss it in your life. No matter howlong you’re in Venice,it will leave a pleasant feeling on you.
任务1:用方框中所给词的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、连贯、合理。(每词限用一次)
1.            2.            3.            4.            5.
任务2:根据英文释义及首字母提示,拼写单词。
6.c            a large number of people
7.w           made of wood
任务3:同义句转换,每空一词。
Venice is fantastic. Youshouldn’t miss it in your life.
Venice is    8     fantastic     9    you should visit it in your life.
任务4:根据短文内容回答问题。
10.What will you find disappearing as soon as you arrive in Venice?
答案:1. their  2. differences  3. express 4. special  5. Taking
6. crowd  7. wooden  8. so 9. that  10. Traffic noise
仔细阅读下面这则广告,然后根据广告内容,按要求完成下列句子。
House of Ice Cream
Welcome to Maria’s Ice Cream House! We have different kinds of ice creams. We have milk ice cream, vegetable ice cream, and fruit ice cream is our special. It’s only RMB 4 for one cup. A cup of milk ice cream is RMB 5. vegetable ice cream is RMB 3 for one cup, but RMB 5 for two. We also have all kinds of cookies. They are RMB 5 for ten. Come and taste the delicious ice cream and cookies here. 如果你太忙而不能来,请给我们打电话,and we can deliver them to you in 20 minutes.
1. The owner of this ice cream house is            . (补全句子)
2. 如果你太忙而不能来,请给我们打电话。(翻译成英文)
3. How much will you pay RMB, if you have a cup of milk ice creamand five cookies?(回答问题)
I will pay RMB             .
4. The underlined word “deliver” in the last sentence probably means“       ”. (给出意思相近的汉语)
5. When will you probably get the ice cream and cookies if you ordersome in the house at 12 o’clock?(回答问题)
.
答案:1. Maria  2. If you are too busy to come, please callus.
3. 7.5  4. 送到/送货  5. Before 12:20 / No later than 12:20
【答题技巧】
1. 由于题目要求形式多样,在同一篇阅读材料中会要求完成不同的任务,因此解题前要先明确任务,做到心中有数。
2. 在原文中找出问题题干所包括的信息部分,这样就可以快速准确地抓住有效信息,确保答题的准确性。如果是根据英文释义写单词的题,则一定要确保所填的单词来源于原文,切不可脱离原文,随意发挥。
3. 不仅考查学生阅读理解层面的能力,更加注重考查学生“写”的能力。若是写单词,则要注意拼写正确,词形、词性有无变化,是否需要大写;若所要完成的是短语或句子成分,则需谨慎对待,依据所给题干分析要完成的是什么句子成分,需用什么样的表达方式,不可简单草率地将文中信息直接挪用。
【模拟试题】(答题时间:90分钟)
(一)
阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,完成表格中所缺的信息。
What makes the world become smaller and smaller? Some inventions. Itbegan in the 11th century, but it has developed greatly in the lastcentury. Let’s take a look at the five top inventions.
Movable Type(活字印刷): By using Movable Type, books could beprinted cheaply and easily. Bi Sheng invented Movable Type in China in the 11thcentury.
Telephone: The inventor Alexander Graham Bell made the first telephone call in1876. “Mr. Watson, come here. I want you.” he said to his assistant over thephone line. And with those famous words, the world was about to get muchsmaller.
Airplane: The Wright brothers made the first powered flight in 1903. Airtravel has made the faraway places suddenly become a lot closer.
Satellites(卫星): The Soviet Unionsent up the world’s first satellite in 1957. This began the Space Age.Satellites have helped scientists study the earth. Much of our knowledge of theworld has come from the information recorded by satellites.
Internet: When the Internet was created in 1969, only a few people knew aboutit. But more than 650 million people in the world use it now. The Internet hasmade information about anything easy to get.
Title 1. __________
The top inventions
Movable Type
Telephone
Airplane
Satellites
Internet
2.
China
/
/
The Soviet Union
The U. S.
When
3.
in 1876
in 1903
in 1957
in 1969
How
books printed cheaply and easily
the world got a lot smaller
making the faraway places closer
4.         ;
much information recorded by satellites
making   5
about anything easy to get
(二)
The Secret of Success
1. Your best chance of success is by doing what you really want todo. Ask yourself, “If money were not so important, what kind of work would I dofor free?” Then just do what you like to do.
2 Think about what you are going to do. You have to start somewhereand it may be quite a real beginning. Whether you are beginning in business oryou’re dreaming to be a star, you have to start at the bottom.
3. Great ambition(目标)is necessary. An English studentcalled Richard Brason opened a student magazine when he was only 16 years old. Buthe didn’t stop there. He also opened a record business with many shops, and nowhis company has planes, trains and cars.
4. The only people who succeed without hard work are lottery(彩票)winners. You need a “can do” attitude(态度)and you must work step by step,which will help you get what you really want. You are on the right way to win thesuccess.
5. If you always say someone is successful, it doesn’t mean anythingto you. Learn from those who have already succeeded in something, especiallywhere they do the same as you want to do.
A. Think big     B. Startsmall     C. Follow the leaders
D. Find the work you love    E. Be prepared to work hard
阅读上面的5段语言材料,请找出与它们相对应的标题,并将其标号填入下列方框中。
1
2
3
4
5
(三)
Thumbs Down to Texting 屈指发短信
Do you have a mobile phone? Do you send text messages to yourfriends and family?
Text messaging or “texting”, is becoming very popular. But,scientists have discovered that texting can give us problems with our hands. Becareful! Too much texting can cause swelling(肿胀)in our thumbs(拇指). Our thumbs were not made for pushing small buttons(按钮), over and over. Scientists call his problem RSI(重复性紧张劳损). Wespoke to a doctor called Harriet Wilson, who treats many sick people with RSI. Shesays we need to see how much time we are spending in typing text messages. Ifwe are spending more than 10-15 minutes at once, we could have problems in thefuture.
As mobile phones develop, they are getting smaller with buttonscloser together. Texting with a smaller phone is worse than using a largerphone with bigger buttons. Using a computer keyboard and playing video gamescan cause the same problem. So more and more people could find themselves withRSI. Among them, most are university students and teenagers, as they do notknow the risks of spending so much time using computers, video games and mobilephones. If we don’t do something about this, too many young people could growup in terrible pain.
1. What is becoming very popular now?
2. Does the word “once” mean “one time” in the second passage?
3. What kind of people are easier to have the problem of RSI?
4. What can also cause RSI except texting?
5. Which is easier to cause the problem of RSI, using smaller mobilephones or larger ones?
(四)
Most people can think of a sport they would love to see in Olympics.But they often don’t realize how hard it is to add a sport to the Olympics. Asport needs to be well-organized and popular before the International OlympicCommittee(IOC) will consider it. An international federation must govern(控制)the sport by making rules and making sure athletes meet Olympic standards(标准). What’s more, men from at least 75 counties and women from at least40 must play the sport.
However, even meeting those conditions isn’t enough. The IOC alwaystries to keep the number of athletes at about 40,000 for each Olympic. Sincemost modern Olympics already included so many athletes, introducing a new sportoften means cutting other events.
The country that hosts the games is allowed to suggest what newsports should be included. While new sports are added to the Olympics, most ofthem will simply become events in another sports meeting. In Beijing, openwater swimming will become part of swimming, while women’s steeplechase(障碍赛)will be added to athletics.
根据文章内容,完成下列任务:
1. How can a sport be added to the Olympics? 从短文中找出三个条件。
2. 根据文章内容,选择适当的词语完成句子。
and         will become new sports in the 2008 Olympics.
(五)
What is your favorite cartoon? It may be difficult for you todecide. But for pianist Lang Lang, Tomand Jerry is the best one.
When Lang Lang was two years old, he saw Tom playing the piano. Thiswas his first time to enjoy western music and this experience encouraged him tolearn to play the piano.
His talent at the keyboard has taken him from Shenyang to the world.
Lang Lang became a good piano student at three. Ever since, the boyhas been doing better and better. In 1997, the 15-year-old boy studied at afamous American music college.
Lang Lang’s performances are energetic. He is well-known for makingfacial s and moving around while playing the piano.
The road to success has never been easy. Lang Lang’s father stoppedhis job to look after him, while his mother stayed in Shenyang to make money. But Lang Langconsiders himself lucky and believes he should give something back. He hashelped the children in poor areas a lot.
Personal    1    Card
About his personal life
Name
Lang Lang
Year of birth
2
3
Keyboard
Favorite    4
Tom and Jerry
The reason for    5    poor children
He believes himself lucky and should give something back.
About his musical life
The    6    for western music in his childhood encouraged him to learn piano    7    . With the help of his parents and teachers, he was able to    8    a famous American music college, where his success began.
Famous for    9    performances and    10    facial s and moving around while playing the piano.
(六)
Fifteen is such an awful age, I should know. I really wish I were eighteen. If you are an adult, you can be your own boss. People like my parents and my teachers are always telling me what to do. You know what I mean. “It’s time for bed, Sandy.” Or “Sandy, stand up straight.” “Sandy, you must improve your handwriting.” Sandy this, Sandy that. No one tells adults when they go to bed or not to watch TV. Besides, adults get to wear what they like… Now it’s going to be great to be an adult. Don’t you agree?
I’m Sandy’s mother. Having a fifteen-year-old daughter isn’t always easy. Right now, we’ve got a problem. Our neighbour, Mrs White, wants Sandy to look after her pet dog for one week. Sandy really wants to do it, but ( I        ). She’s too young and inexperienced. Well, I will never be able to relax knowing she is all alone with a dog. I’ve tried to explain my feelings to her, but she won’t listen. She keeps telling me that the Whites live very near, so she can ask for help. She insists that Mrs White won’t ask her to look after her pet dog if she doesn’t think Sandy is old enough. She says I’m “babying” her and I hate to see her mad at me. What should I do?
1. Sandyis fifteen years old and she wishes to be her own            .
2. Sandythinks her parents and her teachers are always telling her what to do. Give anexample.
3. 将文中括号内的英文句子补充完整。
4. 将划线句子She says I’m“babying” her and I hate to see her mad at me. 译成汉语。
5. Should Sandy look after MrsWhite’s pet dog? Why or why not?
(七)
CCTV held a charity show in May to raise money for theearthquake-hit areas in Sichuan.Many famous stars took part in the show. ⑴They didn’t ask for any pay, they all did it for free. There were a lot of performances like singing, dancing andcross-talks. ⑵The audience were so excitedthat they clapped their hands all the time. Almosteveryone was moved to cry by a lot of sad or moving stories. During theperformances, they donated money to the disaster areas. The show was sosuccessful.
Besides that, many other stars are doing things for disaster areasin many ways. Kungfu star Jackie Chan and the foundation named Hong KongEmperor Group have together donated 10 million yuan. And he also sent hisconsolation to the people in the disaster areas and encouraged them to hold onbecause “People all the country are with you.” Xiao Ke, a songwriter, wrote andrecorded a song “I Know You Will Come” to warm the hearts of the people indespair. CCTV’s top show “The Same Song” also held a special charity to helpthem.
Both the ticket money andthe donated money will be sent to the disaster areas. As the Chinese saying goes ⑶“One introuble, all to help.” I believe that the whole world will become better ifeveryone of us gives charity to others.
1. 用without 把⑴句的两个单句连成一个句子。
They did it         any         .
2. 把⑵句改成意思相同的简单句。
The audience were         to clap their hands all the time.
3. 将⑶句翻译成汉语。
4. 用斜体句中的“both…and…” 仿造一个句子。
(八)
In today’s world many people seem to be hungry for money. Money doeshave its most useful effect on the poor. But even if a person has already gotplenty of money,         .
If money were everything, all millionaires would have real love,true friendship, good health and a long life. However, this is not alwayscorrect.
Since the beginning of time no three words have ever invited morepleasure than “I love you”. But can love be bought? I’m afraid not. Love meansto give, not to take. To every person, health and a long life are probably thebest things. Well, can health and a long life be bought with money? The answeris “No”.
Of all the longest living people in the world, few of them aremillionaires. True friendship can’t be bought,either. In a word, where money is dreamed too much, it can cause brothers toquarrel, marriage to end, lovers to hate, and strangers to fight. No matter howmuch money you have, it is still not enough to make a happy person if you haveno one to laugh with, no one to cry for.
1. 从文中找出与下句意义相近的句子。
It seems that a lot ofpeople want money very much now.
2. 根据短文内容回答问题。
What are probably the mostimportant things to everyone?
3. 根据短文内容,将第一段最后一句补充完整。
But even if a person hasalready got plenty of money,
4. 将文中划线句子翻译成汉语。
5. 根据短文内容,写出文章的标题。
(九)
阅读下面的短文,根据所给语境,按要求完成下列各题。
New rulers and behaviorstandards(行为规范)formiddle school students came out in March. ①Who are the most excellent students? Middle school uses a new way todecide them. The best students won’t only have highmarks. They will also be kids who don’t dye(染)their hair, smoke or drink. Thefollowing are some of the new rules.
Tell the truth. Have you ever copied someone else’s work on an exam?Don’t do it again. That’s not something an honest student should do. If youhave played computer games for two hours in your room, don’t tell your parentsyou have done your homework.
Do more at school. ②Good students love animalsand care for others. April is Bird-Loving Month in China. Is yourschool doing anything to celebrate? You should join! That way, you can learn moreabout animals and how to protect them. When more people work together, it makesit more fun for everyone.
Be open to new ideas. Have you ever thought that people could liveon the moon? Maybe you discover Earth someday. Don’t look down on new ideas. Everyone’sideas are important. You should welcome them, because new ideas make lifebetter for everyone.
③Usethe Internet carefully. Try not to look at Web pages that are bad for you. You can use the Web for homework. Can’t you find good Web sites forchildren? Here are some:http://kids. eastday.com http:// www. chinakids. net.com http:// www. cynet.com
1. 根据①处完成下面的句子(每空一词)。
Middle school uses a new way to decide         the most excellent students         .
2. 将②处翻译成汉语。
3. 根据③处完成下面的句子(每空一词)。
If you         the Internet, you should         away from unhealthy Web pages.
(十)
玲玲在英语学习上遇到了困难,她想发个邮件给课本的英方主编Simon Greenall先生,希望得到帮助。在你的帮助下,她写好了邮件。当她去问老师邮箱地址时,调皮的同桌大明把邮件内容的顺序打乱并删除了最后一句的部分文字。请你帮玲玲重新排序并完成最后一句。
将A、B、C、D四个选项填入下面相应的横线上(1-4小题)。并补全第5小题。
Mr Greenall,
1.            2.            3.            4.
5. I hope
Yours,
Lingling
A. I’m very glad to write to you. I’m a student from Jiaxing, Zhenjiang, China.I know you’re the writer of our English textbook. I’ve got many problems inEnglish learning.
B. Second, when I read English, I meet many new words. So I can’tunderstand the passage.
C. The above problems trouble me a lot. What should I do?
D. First, in English class I can’t follow my teacher because I’m notgood at listening.
(十一)
Parents are the closest people to you in the world. They love youjust because you are you. And they would do anything for you.
Like a lot of middle school students, Zhang Yu has a problem. Sheand her parents don’t get on well. “I really want to be my daddy’s little girl.But it feels like he just doesn’t understand. He talks at me and doesn’tlisten.”said Zhang, a junior 3 student in Taiyuan, Shanxi.
Do you and your parents also have problems?
Well, why don’t you all take a walk and have a talk on Saturday? It’sthe International Day of Families. On May 15, people around the world givethanks for good things about their families and work on family problems.
A study last year showed that 1,500 Beijing families had the same problem asZhang’s family: The children, 12 to 15 years old, didn’t like talking withtheir parents much. They weren’t happy at home. Of course, lots of kids feelthat way. But you and your parents will be much happier if you can be friends.Here are some ways to have a good talk with them:
Find a good time to talk, for example, when you’re eating dinner,going out for a walk or watching TV.
Tell them something you’re interested in, or ask them about theirlives when they were young. They love to talk about it.
Listen to them carefully and look them in the eye.
Be honest. Your parents will trust you more. And a trusting familyis a happy family.
根据短文内容,将相关信息填入表格。
Children’s problem
Suggestions
Children can’t get on well with parents.
For example:      1
Find good time to talk:
2
They won’t be happy at home.
Tell parents:      3
Ask parents:     4
When talking:      5
(十二)
Now I’d like tosay something about Larry. Well, Larry is an inventor. His job is to invent newthings. He works when he’s got an idea. His workroom is in his house, so he canwork whenever he wants to. Sometimes he works seven days a week; sometimes hedoesn’t work for days. Larry usually gets up at about 5 o’clock. He makes some tea, and starts workat 6. He drinks tea all day, but usually he doesn’t eat anything until theevening. First, Larry cleans his workroom and turns on the answerphone becausehe can’t talk to people when he’s got an idea. Then he starts to work. Heusually has a rest after two or three hours, but he doesn’t leave the workroom.He does something different to help him relax. Sometimes he does someexercises, and at other times, he listens to music. He usually stops work atabout 9 o’clock in theevening. He thinks about his work most of the time, even when he’s out. He’sinterested in what’s around him and he likes looking for new ideas and newproblems to deal with. That’s Larry.
根据短文内容,将有关信息填入表格。
Information about Larry
Working days
1. Sometimes he works         days a week; sometimes he doesn’t work for days.
In the morning
2. He makes some         after getting up.
Dinner
3. Usually, he doesn’t eat anything until         .
Ways to relax
4. By         or listening to music.
Main idea of the passage
5.
(十三)
Foreign language speaking population in Beijing has reached 4.87million by the end of 2006, according to the source from the regular press conference(新闻发布会)of the Beijing Olympic Gamesorganizers. Liu Yang, the office director of the organizing committee ofBeijing Speaks Foreign Languages Program, said that Beijing would try very hard to lift thatnumber to over 5 million before the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
Liu said Beijing will use a large amount of money to train theforeign language ability of service business staff, government clerks andordinary citizens, in order to hold an Olympic with good communicating atmosphere(气氛). Beijingwill find volunteers and invite experts and use mass media to provide learningsources for the people.
However, much is to be done to improve the popularity of foreignlanguages among blue-collar workers like taxi cab drivers. A taxi driver toldchinadaily. com. cn that he had no time to learn English for he had to makemoney first. He also said he could take the foreign passengers to their destinations(目的地)through the map or note thatthey showed to him.
The standardization(标准化)of English public signs is alsounderway to provide foreign guests an easy public atmosphere. According to Liu,6,530 public signs throughout the downtown area have been standardized andthose on all the major public facilities(公共设施)including tour sites,commercial service, hospitals and sporting equipment will be completed by theend of this year.
任务1:根据英文释义及首字母提示,从文中找出对应的单词。
1. s           (Paragraph 1) a person or book that providesinformation for people
2. c           (Paragraph 4) finish doing, making, orproducing something
任务2:根据短文完成下列句子,每空一词。
1. Taxi drivers are         workers.
2. A driver can take the foreign passengers to the places by using         .
任务3:改写文中划线的句子,句子意义不变。每空一词。
Beijing will         a large amount of money         the foreign language ability of servicebusiness staff, government clerks and ordinary citizens.
任务4:请从短文第三段找出一个定语从句,写在下面的横线上。
任务5:根据短文内容,回答下面问题。
What does Beijing do to welcome the2008 Beijing Olympic Games according to the passage?(List at least 2 projects)
试题答案
(一)
1. The (Top) Inventions Make the World (Become) Smaller
2. Where / The Country / The Countries / The Place (s)
3. (in the ) 11th century
4. helping scientists study the earth
5. information
(二)DBAEC
(三)
1. Texting. / Text messaging. / Sending text messages.
2. Yes. / Yes, it does.
3. University students and teenagers. / Young people. / Younglearners.
4. Using a computer keyboard and playing video games.
5. Using smaller mobile phones. / Using smaller ones.
(四)
1. ⑴Asport needs to be well-organized and popular.
⑵An international federationmust govern the sport by making rules and making sure athletes meet Olympicstandards.
⑶Men from at least 75 countiesand women from at least 40 must play the sport.
2. Open water swimming; women’s steeplechase
(五)
1. Information 2. 1982 / nineteen eighty-two  3. Talent 4. cartoon  5. helping
6. love 7. well 8. enter 9. energetic 10. making
(六)
1. boss / master
2.It’s time for bed, Sandy.或Sandy, standup straight.或 Sandy, youmust improve your handwriting.
3. I’m worried. (凡是表明“我”持怀疑或反对态度的答案均可)
4. 她说我总是把她看成孩子,而我也不想看到她朝我发火。
5. 此题凡合理的答案均可得分。
No,I don’t think so, because she is too young and inexperienced.
或Yes, I think so. If she hasproblem, she can ask Mrs White for help.
(七)
1. without; pay / money 2. excited enough 3. 一方有难,八方支援。
4. 只要语法正确,语句通顺,都可得满分。
(八)
1. In today’s world many people seem to be hungry for money.
2. Health and a long life   3.it doesn’t mean he has got everything.
4. 在世界上所有的长寿人群中,百万富翁很少。
5. Is Money Everything?
(九)1. who,are  2. 好学生热爱动物并且关心他人。  3. use / search, keep
(十)
1. A  2. D  3. B 4. C  5. you can give me someadvice on it soon.
(十一)
1. Children don’t like talking with their parents much.
2. when you are eating dinner, going out for a walk or watching TV.
3. something you’re interested in.
4. about their lives when they were young.
5. listen to them carefully and look them in the eye.
(十二)
1. seven / 7  2. tea  3. the evening  4. taking some exercises
5. What the inventor Larry’s life is like?
(十三)
任务1:1. source   2. complete
任务2:1.blue-collar   2. maps or notes
任务3:1. spend; training
任务4: He also said he could take theforeign passengers to their destinations through the map or note that theyshowed to him.
任务5:Beijing spendsmoney in training the foreign language ability of citizens and standardizingEnglish public signs.
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