首页 我的图书馆 个图VIP
小学英语26个字母及其组合的发音

2011-01-27

英语字母发音规则要想学好英语口语,应该学一些语音知识,以下是我总结的一些有关语音的知识,1 元音:[i:] [i] [A] [e] [[:] [[] [a:] [Q] [R:] [R] [U:] [U][ei] [ai] [aU] [EU] [Ri] [i[] [Z[] [UE]1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e iethree tree green sheep meet beef see seekeat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean pleasehe she mepiece receive ceiling2) [i] 发音字母 i y esit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build missmyth many twenty happy dictionarydefect decide delicious3) [] 发音字母 abag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man4) [e] 字母组合 ea e ahead bread pleasureelephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yesmany any5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear ur orgirl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third birdturn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burgerlearn earn earth heardterm her nerd servework worm work world6) [ε] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e uteacher leader remember player speaker farmer powderdoctor actor mayor author tractordelicious gracious pleasurefamiliar collar dollartogether tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan chinamen listenfamulus Saturday7) [a:] 字母组合 ar acar farm card arm gardenfast class last glass plant aunt calm8) [] 发音字母 u o ou ooup supper lunch fun gun hunt cup buscome mother dose brother love abovetrouble rough flourishblood flood9) []字母组合 al or au our ar awsmall wall talk tall hall ball call walkshort more lord horse for forty sport door floor storeauthor caught autumnfour mourn court boughtwarm quarrel quarterdraw saw flaw10) [] 发音字母 o ahot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar notwant wash11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o ufood moon room gloom broom doom goose toothshoe do twotrue truth blue full12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u olook good foot bookshould couldput full bull pull pushwoman wolf13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai eyname cake late gate plane Aprilplay say may waygreat breakrain paint plainthey grey14) [ai] 发音字母 i ybike fine find die nine light night highmy try fly eye15) [au] 字母组合 ou owhouse out flour ground account count sound loud around mouseflower down now cow how town16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oahome cold go no phone host ghostknow low below grow blow show flowboat coat goal17) [] 字母组合oy oiboy toy joyoil soil voice choice18) [iε] 字母组合 eerbeer deer ear idea near here fierce19) [] 字母组合ear airpear bear chair air fair care there where20) [uε] hour tour poor flower shower2 容易混淆的元音[A] [e]bad bed hand head man men land lend pan pen sad said[i:] [ei]real rail greet great mean main read raid[e] [ai]bet bite red write said side head hide[aU] [R:]house horse loud lord south sauce cloud clause now nor count corn[aU] [Q]found fond down done gown gone town ton3辅音1)pen pear play pig pour pull push2) [b] book big boot bike bread break3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary5) [k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky (发音字母k)card cat cream correct climb come account accept (发音字母c)fox box oxygen x-ray (发音字母x)school schedule schema (字母组合ch)6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language7) [m] man make moon morning move come comb8) [n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean9) [N] uncle bank English think thank junksing king morning evening10) [l] long land lend lord fly flag blackworld cold could goal soul11) [r] read red right run room write12) [f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wifecough laugh rough physic photo phone13) [v] very evening even every voice vestof14) [s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf (发音字母s)license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate (发音字母c)licence piece juice science lance space ace (字母组合ce)15) [z] zoo zebra zero zapclose nose hose suppose pause those whose16) [W] think thank three thirty tooth mouth17) [T] that this those these though18) [F] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush washnation attention stationsocial specialsure19) [V] pleasure20) [h] hot hop home house horse how who21) [w] when what where window wind wood22) [j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow23) [tF] child chicken china chair lunch ouch teach (字母组合ch)catch watch match (字母组合tch)24) [dV] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridgejoy enjoy join July June junk25) [tr] tree country try treat track trunk26) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink27) [ts] students boots boats goats nuts28) [dz] goods woods moods hoods4容易混淆的辅音[v] [w]vest west vet wet vine wine very well[s] [W]sink think mass math miss myth sort sought[z] [T]close cloth breeze breathe[n] [N]thin thing sin sing ran rang ban bang win wing5 字母,组合音节发音规律1)a [ei] [æ] [[] [a:] [R]late private grade bake grape nation station pageactive hand bank fan parent family glad flagaccept about above formative machine cinemafast last glass class past fatherwash what watch want2)e [i:] [e] [i] [[] 不发音appreciate extremely secret she me heletter left message generate pebbledecide pretty previous result restoreproblem prosperous student confidentactive table late wife store lecture3)i [ai] [i]high price library ice cream wife size linefist pick chicken piano fiancé city unit4)o [[J] [J:] [Q] [[] [R]lode host cold note okay old homelose do who whose provelove some other mother honey companytoday tomorrow together control collectlost hot mock office soft honest5)u [ju] [u] [Q] [[]university refuse unique universe hugeput push pull full bullbut brush bucket duck bubblesupport suggest6)c [k] [s]country camp camera courage cablecity ceiling celebrate cell cease7)g [g] [dV] [N]girl grade glass glade bag flagvillage vegetable bridge gentleman gymlong song sing morning evening8) l [l] 读音不同listen learn language collect English gorillaworld cold soil tall sell cool animal9) n [n] [N]moon night noodle numberuncle hungry angry young10) r [r] [[](美语发音)right read write grade progresscard board door floor form north11)y [j] [i] [ai]yellow year yell young yolkuniversity country pretty happydyke dying fly buy by my12)ar [a:] [[] [R:]farm card garden markdollarwarm quarrel quarter13) ea [i:] [e] [ei] [i[]cease season breathe feature meat pleasebread breast breath meadow weathergreat breakidea realize14) ear [[:] [i[]learn earth earn heardhear near clear ear fear15) er [[:] [[] [i[]deserve serve her personteacher driver anger singerserious experience mysterious fierce16) ere [i[] [Z[]here mere fere serethere17) ir [[:] [ai]shirt girl skirtadmire desire18) oo [u:] [u] [Q] [R:]room tool cool moon noon goof foodgood foot stood wood wool cook wood bookblood flooddoor floor19) or [ R:] [[:] [[]short form corn born forwork world worm word worsttractor doctor actor sector senior senator20) oor [ R:] [J[]door floormoor poor boor21) our [J[] [R:]hour tour flour bourn lourpour court four mourn22) ou [au] [Q] [[]house mouth mouse sound foundenough trouble touchdelicious gracious prosperous23) ow [[J] [au]window meadow know show lownow town how down cow24) se [z] [s]nose suppose gose lose pose rosemouse house25) th [W] [T]thank think thought clothclothes that this then than26) sion [F[n] [V[n]propulsion tension progression passionprotrusion provision conclusion television27) tion [F[n] [ tF[n](不常见)station nation translation attentionquestion6关于语音的几个概念:Phonics 是一种(方法), 是教育学习者从字母排列中去拼读出单个字来.AHD表示美语发音,The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language(简称AHD)KK音标是一套(注音符号系统),是由John Samuel Kenyon 和 John Albert Knott两位美国学者共同编著的发音词典A Pronouncing Dictionary of American1956中用于标注美式发音的符号系统, 这是一套最常用的也是最权威的注音法,从此人们把美语标准发音惯称为KK音标。DJ是根据英国学者Daniel Jones编的英语发音字典 (English Pronouncing Dictionary, 1963)中的标音而来.英式读音根据的是English Pronouncing Dictionary 《英语正音辞典》。它们代表了被称为“Received Pronuciation”(RP)(标准读音)的读音,这在受过教育的英国人尤其是南部英格兰人中通用。1888年国际语音协会 (International Phonetic Association) 的语言学家便制定出一套可国际通用的语音符号叫国际音标符号 (IPA—International Phonetic Alphabet),希望以一个符号代表一音,并避免各人使用一套自己的符号所产生的不便。国内的英文字典里最常见的音标为英式发音的国际音标 (DJ) 和美式发音的KK音标,前者乃根据Daniel Jones编的英语发音字典 (English Pronouncing Dictionary, 1963),后者则是根据John S. Kenyon & Thomas A. Knott二氏的美语发音字典 (A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English, 1956)。值得一提的是,KK音标所使用的符号均从前面提到的国际音标符号 (IPA) 而来,Kenyon & Knott二氏仅将其中适用于美式英语的符号截取出来。音素: 音的最小单位,英语中有48个音素.音节: 由元音和辅音构成的发音单位.元音: 发音响亮,是乐音,口腔中气流不受阻碍,是音节的主要组成部分.英语中有20个元音. 辅音: 发音不响亮,是噪音,口腔中气流受到阻碍,不是音节的重要组成部分,英语中有28个辅音.开音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音+不发音e kite cake name bike make take home plane shine2)辅音+元音 he hi go no do be tree three hello闭音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音 sit bed bad bag hot hop let mad map head2)元音+辅音 it is of in on up out ant重读音节词尾的字母组合oo发音素[u:]的音。如:too(太;也),zoo(动物园),room(房间)等; II. 在辅音字母f, l, m, n, s前的字母组合oo也发音素[u:]的音。如:roof(屋顶),school(学校),soon(不久),goose(鹅)等.有一个特例词要特别注意,它就是:wool[u](羊毛);III. 在字母t前的字母组合oo发音素[u:]的音。如:boot(靴子),tooth(牙齿),特例词:foot[u](脚); IV. 字母组合oo在字母d和k前发音素[u]的音。如:good(好),book(书),look(看),特例词:food[u:](食物); V. 在复合词的非重读音节中的字母组合oo发音素[u]的音。如:bedroom(卧室),classroom(教室)等; VI. 在字母l和d之间的字母组合oo发音素[]的音。如:blood(血),flood(洪水)等. [笨笨猪]谢谢你讲得这么详细,你能为我归纳出一个巧记方法吗? [聪明猴]Let me try!(我试试看!)可以这样记: oo读长还是短,记住口诀就简单。 d, k之前读短[u],food一词是特例; t前读长[u:],foot需要特殊记; 复合词中要读短,其余多数读长[u:]; l, s, d间读作[],例外还要特殊记
本站是提供个人知识管理的网络存储空间,所有内容均由用户发布,不代表本站观点。请注意甄别内容中的联系方式、诱导购买等信息,谨防诈骗。如发现有害或侵权内容,请点击一键举报
下载APP,好文好书随时看
来自:小美225  > 我的图书馆
举报
[荐]  原创奖励计划来了,万元大奖等你拿!
猜你喜欢
类似文章
英语国际音标-元音
英语的发音规则是什么?
英语自然拼音法
英语中元音和辅音有什么特点?
英语字母与音素的关系
什么是元音字母?什么叫辅音字母?什么叫音素~?
更多类似文章 >>
生活服务
绑定账号成功
后续可登录账号畅享VIP特权!
如果VIP功能使用有故障,
可点击这里联系客服!