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初中英语课堂用语800句 (一)

art 1  课前用语

一. 准备活动

1. 请大家进来坐好。                Everyone, please come in and sit down.

2. 我想先讲个小故事。              I’d like to start with a short story.

3. 我要检验一下大家的背景知识。    I’m going to check your background knowledge.

4. 请为上课做好准备。              Please get everything ready for class.

5. 快点,马上就要上课了。          Hurry up. It’s nearly for class.

6. 你最好快一点儿。                You’d better get a move on.

7. 请回到座位。                    Go back to your seat, please.

8. 大家准备好了么?                Are you ready to begin?

9. 我将等你们安静下来,好么?      I’ll wait for you to be quiet. OK?

10. 请保持安静,马上就要上课了。   Be quiet, please. Class will soon begin.

11. 还有几分钟开始上课?            How many minutes are there to go ?

12. 正好打铃呢,你刚好赶上。       There goes the bell, you’re just in time.

13. 各位坐好。                     Get seated, everyone.

14. 请坐好。                       Sit straight, please.

 

二. 开始上课

1. 我们开始上课好吗?              Shall we begin today’s lesson ?

2. 书归正传,咱们开始上课吧。      Time to get to the point.

3. 现在,咱们开始学习新课。        Now, let’s start today’s lesson.

4. 上课时间到了。                  It’s time for class.

5. 让我们开始上课。                Let’s start our class.

6. 我们学习新的一课。              Let’s begin a new lesson.

7. 快点,我们开始上课。            Hurry up, so that we can stet the lesson.

8. 铃声响了,让我们上课。          The bell is ringing, let’s have a class.

9. 铃声已经响过了,请保持安静。    The bell has already gone, keep silence please.

10. 现在咱们上课吧。               Now, let’s get down to work.

11. 咱们上课了,请安下心来。       Settle down now and let’s start.

12. 我想大家现在准备好开始了。     I think we are ready to start now.

13. 大家准备好上课了吗?           Is everyone ready to start the lesson ?

14. 好了,可以开始新课了吗?       Alright, can we start now?

15.请举手。                        Put your hands up.

16.请到前面来。                    Come to the front..

17.请看黑板。                     Look at the blackboard.

18.请注意。                       Attention, please.

 

三.日常问候

1. 很高兴见到你们。          Glad to meet you.

2. 我真的很高兴见到你们大家。 I’m really happy to meet you all.

3. 你们很快就会适应一切的。   You’ll soon get used to everything.

4. 同学们早上好。           Good morning, class.

5. 各位早上好。           Good morning, everybody.

6. 孩子们,你们好。     Hi, children. / Hi, kids.

7. 你们今天好吗?       How are you today ?

8. 你们或许有点紧张,因为一切都是全新的。You might be a little nervous because everything is new to you.

9. 我希望你们在这里过得开心。I hope you’ll spend a great time here today.

10. 你们好吗?            How have you been ?

11. 你们都充满了活力。    You are full of energy.

12. 非常高兴我们又见面了。It’s really good to see you again.

四.课堂考勤

1. 咱们看一下是否大家都到齐了。    Let’s see if everyone is here.

2. 咱们核对一下出席情况吧。     Let’s check the attendance.

3. 当听到自己的名字,请举手。 When you hear your name, please raise your hand.

4. 当我叫到你的名字时请回答。     Please answer when I call your names.

5. 下面我点名。     I’m going to call the row. / call your names.

6. 下面我将检查签到。  Now, I’ll check the register.

7. 共有多少人在班级里?  How many students are there in our class ?

8. 每个人都到齐了么?     Is everyone / everybody /here present ?

9. 出席多少人?     How many students are present ?

10. 有人缺席吗?     Is anyone / anybody away / not here ?

11. 今天谁没来学校?    Who is missing today ?

12. 今天谁没在学校?      Who isn’t at school today ?

13. 谁缺席了?     Who’s absent / away / not here ?

14.   我们来点名。   Let’s check the attendance.

 

五.缺席记录

1. 咱们看看是否有人缺席。   Let’s see if anyone is missing.

2. 没人缺席吗?         No one is absent ?

3. 今天有人没来吗?    Is anybody absent today ?

4. 我看见有两个座位空着。    I see two empty seats.

5. 他 / 她在哪?     Where is he / she ?

6. 有人知道莉莉在哪吗?      Does anyone know where Lily is ?

7. 你知道他怎么了吗?    What’s the matter with him ? Do you Know ?

8. 谁知道汤姆去哪了?   Can anyone tell me where Tom has gone ?

9. 谁知道她什么时候回来?    Who knows when she will be back ?

10. 艾米今天怎么了?     What’s wrong with Amy today ?

11. 谁知道玛丽在哪儿?   Has anybody got an idea where Mary is ?

12. 他 / 她请假了吗?    Has he / she asked for a leave ?

13. 尽量不要缺课。     Try not to miss school.

六.迟到记录

1. 请解释一下迟到的原因。    Please give your reason for being late.

2. 我们五分钟前就上课了。    We started the class five minutes ago.

3. 这次你有什么借口?    What excuse will you make up this time?

4. 下次早点来。      Come earlier next time.

5. 回到座位上,不要再迟到了。    Go back to your seat, don’t be late any more.

6. 下次不要再发生这样的事情。   Don’t let it happen again.

7. 如果再迟到,就按旷课处理。I’ll count you as cutting class, if you’re late again.

8. 下次请按时来。     Try to be on time next time.

9. 好吧,我们开始上课了。   That’s all right, and we can start.

10. 我们没有多余的时间了。    We have no time to lose.

七.询问值日生

1. 今天谁值日?     Who’s on duty today ?

2. 到谁了?   Whose turn is it ?

3. 今天早上谁值日?    Who’s on duty today ?

4. 今天是几号?    What’s the date today ?

5. 今天星期几? What day is it today ?

6. 现在几点?   What time is it ?

7. 今天天气怎么样?  What’s the weather like today? / How’s the weather today ?

8. 今天很热,是吗?  It’s very hot, isn’t it ?

9. 外面天气怎么样?   What’s it like outside ?

10. 今天谁做值日报告?    Who will give us a daily report today?

八、关照新生

1.你是新来的吗?     Are you new?

2.你是新生吗?      Are you a new pupil?

3.你刚来这个班,是吗?    You have just come to this class,haven’t you?

4.你从哪里来?    Where do you come from ?

5.你叫什么名字?     What’s your name?/Your name, please.

6.你喜欢我们学校吗?     Do you like our school?

7.欢迎你来我们班.      Welcome to our class.

8.让我把你介绍给同学。   Let me introduce you to the class.

9.你能介绍你自己吗?     Will you introduce yourself?

10.你觉得我们班怎么样?    How do you think of our class?

九. 问候病愈同学

1.你现在感觉如何?     How are you feeling now?

2.你今天感觉好多了吗?    Do you feel better today?

3.今天你怎么样?   How are you all today?

4.怎么了?          What’s the matter?

5.上节课你走了,是吗?   You were away last lesson,weren’t you?

6.这几天你缺席了,是吗?    You’ve been absent for days,haven’t you?

7.上周你缺课了,是吗?    You were absent from class last week,weren’t you?

8.你感冒了吗?    Did you catch a cold?

9.最好问问同学所学的知识。  You’d better ask your classmate what we’ve learned.

10.下课后找我,好吗?     Come and see me after the lesson,OK?

11. 我们希望你能感觉好些。   We hope that you’ll feel better soon.

   

Part 2  课堂用语

一. 进度确认

1. 我们上次学到哪里了? Where are we at ? / Where are we up to ?

2. 上次课我们学到哪儿了?Where did we leave off?

3. 我们学了多少了?How far have we gone ?

4.我们上一课学到哪儿了? Where did we stop?

5. 我们今天应该从哪开始?Where do we have to start from today?

6. 我们学到哪一页了?Which page are we on ?

7. 我们学到第20页了。We’re on page 20.

8. 今天我们要开始学习新课。Today, we’re going to start a new lesson.

9. 我们完成听力部分的学习了吗?Did we finish the listening section ?

10.上次课我们学完了第15页。We finished page 15 last time.

11.请翻到第10页。Open your books to page10.

12.请翻到下一页。Turn to the next page.

13. 我们来复习上节课的内容。Let’s review the last lesson.

14.上节课我们做什么了?What did we do last time?

 

二、授课安排

1. 把教材拿出来,并翻到第10页。Take out your books and open them at page 15.

2.这些是本学期要学习的课程,分为必修课和选修课。

These are the courses we are going to take this term. There are compulsory courses and optional courses.

3.本课程所分配的时间是每周4学时。

 The time allotted for the course is four periods a week.

4.以下是本节课的安排:首先复习上堂课学习的内容,然后学习生词和课文,最后做一些替换练习。

The class will be conducted in this way:first we shall review what we learned last time,then

the new words and the text,and finally we will do some substitution drills.

5.今天我们学新课,首先读生词和短语,然后逐一讲解。

  We will take up a new lesson today.I am going to read some new words and expressions first

and then explain them one by one.   

6.今天我们要完成两个任务:先通过问答来复习第六单元,然后进行快速阅读。

 We will finish two tasks today.We will review Unit Six by questions,and answers and then

we will do fast reading。

7.这节课主要学对话。学完后,请回答我的问题。

  In this class,most of the time will be devoted to dialogues.After that,answer my questions.

8.第一节课做句型练习,第二节课我们做笔头练习。

   In the first period,we will practice pattern drills and in the second period we will do some written exercises.

9.今天我们上复习课。首先我将短文读三遍,然后你们用自己的语言复述。

 We will do a revision lesson today. I will read a short passage three times first,and then you

will retell it in your own words.

10. 我们今天要做的第一件事是,我想让你们通读一遍文章,然后针对文章提出一些问题。完成后,我们将继续做练习。

  For the first thing today.I’d like you to read through the passage.After that 1 will ask you some questions on it.When we have done that,we’ll go on to the exercise.

 

三. 授课顺序

1. 咱们确定以下先后次序吧, Let’s decide the turns.

2.首先,让我们复习一下。First, let’s do some review.

3.我们先复习上次讲的内容。First we shall review what we did last time.

4.首先,我们进行发音练习。To begin with,we’ll  do some drills in pronunciation.

5. 现在你们应该在做最后一道题了。You should be working on the last question by now.

6. 首先,让我们来听对话。    First,1et’s 1isten to the dialogue.

7. 接下来,我想让你们按照这些单词不同的词性把它们重新排列。

Next,1 would like you to rearrange these words according to their different parts of speech.

8. 接下来,我想请你们做练习。    For the next thing,1 want you to do exercise.

9. 做完每个部分,你们可以检查答案。  After each part, you can check the answers.

10. 最后,但也是很重要的一件工作,我们要听一个广播。

Last but not the least,we have a radio program to listen to.

11. 最后,就下周的考试简单地说几句。

Finally,1 want to say something briefly about next week’s test.

四、检查作业

1. 检查作业的时间到了。Time to check homework.

2. 请把你们的作业给我看看。Please show me your homework.

3. 请把作业放在我的桌子上。Please put your homework on my desk.

4. 你们完成作业了吗?  Have you all finished your homework?

5.你们练习本交上了吗? Have you all finished your homework?

6.你们必须按时交作业。You must hand in your work on time.

7.请把读本收上来放好。Collect the readers in and put them away.

8.把作业传到第一排来。Pass your homework to the front.

9. 别忘了在试卷上面写名字。Don't forget to write your names on the papers.

10. 每排的第一位 / 最后一位收一下答题纸,好吗?

Could the first / last student in each row collect the answers,please?

11.你们出去时,将试卷放在讲台上。

Leave your test sheets on the desk as you go out.

12. 还有人没交卷吗? Is there anyone who hasn't returned the test paper?

13.请收一下卷子,交给我,以便我能批改。

Would you please collect in the papers and bring them to me so that I can score them?

14. 你们作业都完成得很好。You all did a good job on your homework.

15. 我要检查作业。I’ll check your homework now.

 

五、复习功课

1. 开始新课之前,我们要先完成一件事。There’s something we have to do before we start today’s lesson.

2. 让我们复习一下上一课吧。 Let’s review our last lesson.

3. 咱们再复习一下学过的知识。 Let’s run through it again.

4. 首先让我们复习一下课文。    Now,1et’s review our 1essons first.

5.我们进行问答。We shall have questions and answers.

6.请背课文。Please recite the text.

7. 你背得很好,但是丢了两句。You did quite well,but you missed out two sentences.

8.我们进行拼读检查。Now,we shall have a spelling check.

9. 你能拼写出这课所有单词吗? Can you spell all the new words in this lesson?

10.请用学过的短语翻译句子。

Let’s translate some sentences using the phrases we have learned.

11. 你们俩上黑板上写,其他同学写在自己的作业本上。

You two come to the blackboard;the others please write in your exercise—books.

12.他犯了一个严重的拼写错误,你能指出来吗?

He made a serious mistake in spelling.Can you point it out?

13.今天我们就复习到这儿吧。

That’s all for revision today.

六.导入新课

1. 我们了解一下今天要做的事情吧。Let’s preview what we’re going to do today.

2. 今天我们要学习第六页上的内容。 Today we are going to go on to page 6.

3.现在让我们把书翻到第十二页。Now 1 want you to turn to Page 12.

4. 今天我们将表演课文内容。We’ll make a role play with the text.

5.我将简单介绍一下本节课的文化背景。

I’ll briefly introduce the cultural background of the text. 

6.我将详细地介绍本课的主题。

I will give you a full account of the theme of this text.

7.请大家合上书,下面我将对课文作简要介绍。

Close your books and listen to me.I will give you a simple introduction about the text.

8.我将介绍作者生平。I will say something about the author’s life.

9. 这篇课文选自一部侦探小说。This text is selected from a detective story.

10. 这篇课文是由一部英文小说改编的。This text is adapted from an English novel.

11. 这篇课文是原书的节录本。 This text is abridged from the original work.

12. 本节课我们将从这里开始学习。 We’ll start from here today.

七.学习词汇

1. 让我们学习生词吧。 Let’s learn the new words.

2. 这是我们今天要学习的生词列表。 This is the list of new words we’re going to learn today.

3. 如果有不认识的单词请告诉我。 Tell me if there’s any word that you don’t know.

4.让我们看生词和短语。Let’s look at the new words and expressions.

5.让我们首先通读单词表。Let’s read through the vocabulary list first.

6. 这个单词怎么读? How do we read this word?

7.请按音标试读这些生词。

Please try to read the new words with the help of the phonetic transcriptions.

8. 这个词对我们来说是全新的,怎样发音?

This word is totally new to us. How to pronounce it?

9.现在,我来讲解这些单词的词义。  Now, I’ll explain the meaning of these words.

10.你能想出一个意义相同的单词或短语吗?

Can you think of a word or expression that has the same meaning?

11.你能用英语解释这个短语吗? Can you explain the phrase in English?

12.请在字典中查一下这个词。Please look up this word in the dictionary.

13.让我用图片来解释词义。

Let me use the picture to show its meaning.

八、分析词汇

1. 你能找到这个单词的线索吗? Can you find a clue for this word?

2. 让我们通过看这个句子来猜测它的意思。 Let’s guess the meaning by looking at the sentence.

3.这是一个派生词,你能说出它的词根、前缀/后缀吗?

This word is a derivative.Can you point out its root and prefix/suffix?

4..这是一个褒义词/贬义词。一定根据上下文进行正确使用。

This word has a positive/derogative connotation.Be sure to use it only in its right context.

5.这是一个集合名词,单数的形式但是表示复数意义。

This is a collective noun,singular in form but plural in meaning .

6.这个词单复数同形。

This word has the same form in the singular as in the plural.

7.这个词的近义词和反义词是……。

 The synonym and antonym of this word are...

8.你能给出这个单词的汉语对应词吗?

Can you give the Chinese equivalent for this word?   

9.如果你认为单词的意思与上下文毫无关系,你就完全错误了。

 If you think the meaning of a word is totally context-free,you are completely wrong .

10.这个词作名词时重音在第一音节,作动词用时重音在第二音节上。    .

When the word is used as a noun, the accent is on the first syllable;if it is as a verb,the accent shifts to the second syllable.

11.这是一个及物动词还是不及物动词?

 Is this a transitive or an intransitive verb?

12.你们不知道它的意思,但是知道它的词性。

  You don’t know the meaning, but you know its part of speech.

九.朗读示范

1. 首先,我来读给大家听。First, I’ll read it to you.

2. 我用正常语速来朗读一遍。Let me read it at a normal speed.

3. 这次我会读得更自然一些。This time, I’ll read it more naturally.

4. 略读时不要读出声。    Don’t read out loud when you’re skimming.

5.咱们一起读课文吧。         Let’s read the text.

6.首先,我给你们朗读前两段。     First of a11, I will read the first two paragraphs.

7.我先朗读一下第五页上的对话。

  To start with,1 will read the dialogue paragraphs on Page Five.

8.Peter,请从第一行开始读。    Peter,please start reading from Line 1·

9.从Amy开始,每人读十行。   Read ten lines,starting with Amy.

10.一直读到课文结尾。    Read as far as the end of the text.

11.请大点声慢点读,因此大家都能听到。

     Read loudly and slowly so that everybody can hear you.

12.当我们读课文的时候,注意句子重音,句群,不完全爆破和连读。

  When we read a text,you should pay attention to sentence stress,sense groups,incomplete

  explosion and liaison.

13.让我们轮流朗读课文。

  Let’s take turns to read the text.

14.每个同学读一段。 Read one paragraph each.

十、文章分析

1. 你愿意来讲下一段吗? Would you like to talk about the next part ?

2. 请把剩余部分讨论完。 Please finish the left part.

3.我认为你们都预习了课文。谁愿来讲讲课?

I think you’ve all previewed the text.Who would like to say something about the text?

4. 先让我将这一段读一遍,然后再解释难句和语言点。

Let me read this paragraph first and then explain the difficult sentences and language points

5. 这篇课文的主题是什么?

What is the theme of this text?

6.你能阐述一下这篇文章的中心思想是什么吗?

Can you expound the general idea of this passage?

7.你对这个故事有什么印象?

What is your impression of the story?

8.主题句是介绍一段文章中心中思想的句子,它可能出现在一段的开头、中间或结尾。

  A topic sentence is one that introduces the central idea of a paragraph.It may appear at the

Beginning,or in the middle,or at the end of a paragraph.

9.这段的中心词是什么? What is the key word of this paragraph?

10.这个故事发生在什么时间什么地点? When and where did the story take place?

11.谈谈你从故事主人公身上学到了什么。

   Say something about what you have learned from the hero.

12.请对这篇课文作一个简明的内容概述。

   Give me a brief summary of the contents.

十一、语句诠释

1. 练习找出中心思想。Practice finding the main idea.

2. 你为什么认为这是主题句呢? Why do you think this is the topic sentence?

3.我们来解决一下本课的几个难点。

We will deal with some difficult points in this lesson.

4.让我们首先看一下本单元的几个复杂结构。

Let’s start with a look at some complicated constructions in this unit.

5.当主语是复数,同复数谓语动词一致。

When the subject is plural and agrees with the plural verb.

6.这个题的关键是找出简单的主语和谓语动词。

  The key to the question like this is finding the simple subject and verb first.

7.当一个系列中有两个或更多的单词或词组时,这些词或词组的结构必须一致。

   When there are two or more words or phrases in a series,the structure of the words or phrases must be the same.

8.通常单音节的形容词、副词的比较级和最高级加-er和-est的词尾,长的单词和以ly结尾的单词用more和most。有些形容词和副词,如good,bad,little,well和far的比较级和最高级形式不规则变化,需要记忆。

   Generally, the“-er”and“-est”endings are added to one syllable adjectives and adverbs.

“More”and“most”are used with longer words and with adverbs ending in“-ly”.Some adjectives and adverbs such as good,bad,little,well and far have irregular comparisons and superlative degrees,and they must be memorized.

9.动词时态必须保持一致。  Verb tense must be consistent

10.如果你看第三行,会注意到关系词在这里被省略了。

 If you look at Line 3,you will notice that the relative pronoun is omitted here.

11.请给出这个动词的四种形式,即现在式、过去式、现在分词和过去分词。

 Please give four forms of this verb.namely the present tense,the past tense,the present participle and the past participle.

12. 我会根据句子给出一些问题。 I’ll give out some questions based on the sentence.

十二、检查反馈

1. 让我们来检查答案吧。 Let’s check the answers.

2. 有没有答案超过一个的问题? Were there any questions with more than one answer?

3.这一部分有问题吗? Have you got any questions about this part?

4.大家都清楚了吗? Is everything clear?

5.你们还有不确定的地方吗? Are there any points you’re not sure of?

6.有什么单词和词组需要我帮忙吗? Can I help you with any words or phrases?

7.关于课文还有人要问什么吗? Has anybody got anything to ask about the text?

8.还有什么需要解释的吗? Would you like anything explained?

9.有什么不懂的吗? Is there anything you don’t understand?

10.关于课文还有什么问题? Are there any questions on the text?

11.如果跟不上我,请举手。Please raise your hands if you can’t follow me.

12.第二个不可能是答案。Number 2 can’t be the answer.

  

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