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英语原版阅读:The history of chocolate

2020.05.31

今天分享一篇阅读理解,可以学完食物话题后进行配套阅读,也可以作为日常的阅读材料。

每日10分钟英语阅读,养成习惯,孩子的英语学习不用愁。

这篇文章的题目是The history of chocolate

图片来源于网络

先来读文章:

图片来源于网络

1.The Aztecs made a special drink from cacao beans.

阿兹特克人用可可豆制作了一种特殊的饮料。

a special drink 一种特殊的饮料 cacao beans 可可豆made a special drink from cacao beans 用可可豆制作了一种特殊的饮料

cacao beans 图片来源于网络

2.They mixed cacao with vanilla, black pepper and honey.

他们把可可与香草、黑胡椒和蜂蜜混合在一起。

black pepper 黑胡椒 mixed... with 把…… 混合在一起

vanilla 图片来源于网络

black pepper 图片来源于网络

honey 图片来源于网络

3.Then they poured the drink from height so it had foam.

然后他们从高处往下倒饮料,这样就有了泡沫。

poured the drink from height 从高处往下倒饮料

图片来源于网络

4.The drink wasn't very sweet and the Aztecs called it Cacahuatl or 'bitter water'.

这种饮料不太甜,阿兹特克人称它为Cacahuatl或“苦水”。

bitter water 苦水

5.Only the king and the nobles drank Cacahuatl.

只有国王和贵族才喝可可茶。

the king and the nobles 国王和贵族

6.Some people say that the Aztec king Moctezuma II drank 50 cups of Cacahuatl a day.

有人说阿兹特克国王莫克特祖玛二世每天喝50杯可可茶。

50 cups of Cacahuatl 50杯可可茶

7.When Hernan Cortes came to Mexico, Moctezuma gave him a Golden cup full of this precious drink.

当赫尔南·科尔特斯来到墨西哥时,莫特祖玛给了他一个装满这种珍贵饮料的金杯。

precious drink 珍贵饮料full of this precious drink 装满这种珍贵饮料a Golden cup full of this precious drink 一个装满这种珍贵饮料的金杯

图片来源于网络

8.Hernan Cortes took three chest of cacao beans back to Spain with him in 1528.

1528年,赫尔南·科尔特斯带着三箱可可豆回到了西班牙。

 three chest of cacao beans 三箱可可豆

9.At first, nobody liked the strange drink.

起初,没有人喜欢这种奇怪的饮料。

At first 起初 the strange drink 这种奇怪的饮料

10.Someone added hot water and sugar to the cacao beans and this drink bacame popular.

有人在可可豆里加了热水和糖,这种饮料变得很受欢迎。

hot water 热水hot water and sugar 热水和糖 bacame popular 变得很受欢迎

图片来源于网络

图片来源于网络

11.The Spaniards tried to keep the recipe secret, but slowly it spread across Europe.

西班牙人试图保守这个配方的秘密,但这个秘密慢慢地传遍了欧洲。

tried to 试图keep the recipe secret 保守这个配方的秘密 spread across Europe 传遍了欧洲

图片来源于网络

12.By the 1700s, there were chocolate shops in many European cities.

到18世纪,欧洲许多城市都有巧克力商店。

By the 1700s 到18世纪chocolate shops 巧克力商店in many European cities 欧洲许多城市

图片来源于网络

13.Chocolate was very expensive.

巧克力很贵。

14.Only rich people could buy it.

只有富人才能买它。

rich people 富人

15.In the early 1800s, a doctor in England invented a new chocolate recipe.

在19世纪早期,英国的一位医生发明了一种新的巧克力配方。

In the early 1800s 在19世纪早期a doctor in England 英国的一位医生a new chocolate recipe 一种新的巧克力配方

16.He added milk instead of water to the mixture of sugar and cacao.

他在糖和可可的混合物中加入牛奶而不是水。

added milk 加入牛奶 instead of 代替the mixture of sugar and cacao 糖和可可的混合物

图片来源于网络

17.Children started drinking hot chocolate and it became even more popular.

孩子们开始喝热巧克力,它甚至变得更受欢迎。

 hot chocolate 热巧克力drinking hot chocolate 喝热巧克力 started drinking hot chocolate 开始喝热巧克力more popular 更受欢迎 even more populara 甚至更受欢迎became even more popular 甚至变得更受欢迎

图片来源于网络

18.The next step in the transformation of the cacao bean happened in Holland.

可可豆的下一步转变发生在荷兰。

The next step 下一步The next step in the transformation 下一步转变 The next step in the transformation of the cacao bean 可可豆的下一步转变

图片来源于网络

19.In 1828, Conrad van Houten made cocoa butter and cocoa powder from the beans.

1828年,康拉德·范·侯登用可可豆制作了可可脂和可可粉。

cocoa butter 可可脂 cocoa powder 可可粉made cocoa butter and cocoa powder from the beans 用可可豆制作了可可脂和可可粉

图片来源于网络

图片来源于网络

20.This was the start of solid chocolate.

这就是固体巧克力的起源。

solid chocolate 固体巧克力the start of solid chocolate 固体巧克力的起源

图片来源于网络

21.With this new method, a company called Fry's of England made the first chocolate bar in 1347.

有了这种新方法,一家名叫Fry's of England的公司在1347年制造出了第一块巧克力。

new method 新方法With this new method 有了这种新方法 chocolate bar 巧克力 the first chocolate bar 第一块巧克力

图片来源于网络

22.Then in 1876, the Swiss company Nestle a made the first milk chocolate bar.

1876年,瑞士雀巢公司生产了第一块牛奶巧克力。

the Swiss company 瑞士公司milk chocolate bar 牛奶巧克力the first milk chocolate bar 第一块牛奶巧克力made the first milk chocolate bar 生产了第一块牛奶巧克力

图片来源于网络

23.At first, chocolate bars were very expensive, but then in 1894, Hershey's made the first cheap chocolate bar.

一开始,巧克力棒非常昂贵,但是在1894年,好时公司制造了第一个便宜的巧克力棒。

At first 一开始cheap chocolate bar 便宜的巧克力棒

图片来源于网络

24.Other chocolate company did the same, and soon ordinary people were buying chocolate in stores all over the world.

其他的巧克力公司也做了同样的事情,很快普通的人们就开始在世界各地的商店里购买巧克力了。

Other chocolate company 其他的巧克力公司did the same 做了同样的事情 ordinary people 普通的人们buying chocolate 购买巧克力in stores 商店all over the world 世界各地

图片来源于网络

再来读一遍完整的文章:

The Aztecs made a special drink from cacao beans. They mixed cacao with vanilla, black pepper and honey. Then they poured the drink from height so it had foam. The drink wasn't very sweet and the Aztecs called it Cacahuatl or 'bitter water'. Only the king and the nobles drank Cacahuatl. Some people say that the Aztec king Moctezuma II drank 50 cups of Cacahuatl a day.

When Hernan Cortes came to Mexico, Moctezuma gave him a Golden cup full of this precious drink. Hernan Cortes took three chest of cacao beans back to Spain with him in 1528. At first, nobody liked the strange drink. Someone added hot water and sugar to the cacao beans and this drink bacame popular. The Spaniards tried to keep the recipe secret, but slowly it spread across Europe.

By the 1700s, there were chocolate shops in many European cities. Chocolate was very expensive. Only rich people could buy it. In the early 1800s, a doctor in England invented a new chocolate recipe. He added milk instead of water to the mixture of sugar and cacao. Children started drinking hot chocolate and it became even more popular.

The next step in the transformation of the cacao bean happened in Holland. In 1828, Conrad van Houten made cocoa butter and cocoa powder from the beans. This was the start of solid chocolate. With this new method, a company called Fry's of England made the first chocolate bar in 1347. Then in 1876, the Swiss company Nestle a made the first milk chocolate bar. At first, chocolate bars were very expensive, but then in 1894, Hershey's made the first cheap chocolate bar. Other chocolate company did the same, and soon ordinary people were buying chocolate in stores all over the world.


根据短文,回答问题。

I. What did the Aztecs mix with cacao?

2. What was the drink called?

3. Was the drink sweet?

4. Who did Moctezuma II meet?

5. How many chests did Hernan Cortes take to Spain?

6. What did the Spaniards add to the recipe?

7. What did an England doctor add to the recipe?

8. When was the first milk chocolate bar made?

9. Were the first chocolate bars expensive?

10. Who made the first cheap chocolate bar?

参考答案:1.They mixed cacao with vanilla, black pepper and honey. 2.They called it Cacahuatl or 'bitter water'3.No,it isn't.4.Moctezuma.5.Three chests.6. The Spaniards added hot water and sugar to the cacao beans.7.He added milk.8.In 1876.9.Yes, they were.10.Hershey's made the first cheap chocolate bar.

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