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名校最新真题|高二上学期第一次月考英语试卷(含答案)

2017-10-05



I. 阅读理解 (共40分)


阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

People tend to become more personal and hide less of themselves when using email. Researchers from Open University in Britain have found in a recent study that there are good reasons for this.

The team of researchers asked 83 pairs of students, all strangers to each other, to solve a problem. They had to discuss this question: If only five people in the world could be saved from a world disaster, who should they be? The pairs of students had to talk over the problem either face to face or by computers. Dr. Johnson said, “They told their partners four times as much about themselves when they talked over the Internet as when they talked face to face. When the computers were fitted with cameras so that students could see each other, this limited the personal side of the conversation.”

Generally the information was not extremely personal. It was mainly about things such as where they went to school, or where they used to live. But some students discussed their love stories, and personal childhood experiences.

Dr Johnson believes that emailing encourages people to focus on themselves. And when they do this, they become more open, especially if there are no cameras. “If you cannot see the other person, it becomes easier to talk about yourself. This is because you are not thinking what the other person is thinking of you. So emailing has become the modern way of talking,” said Dr. Johnson. However, this style of talking is not entirely new. “In the 19th century people started to use the ‘telegraph’ to communicate. Now the same kind of thing has happened and people ended up speaking more freely.”

Dr. Johnson thinks that emailers need to know about these effects of emailing, especially when they start work in a company. “ If you don’t know about them, you could find yourself saying more about yourself than you wanted to.”


1. The subject discussed in this passage is _______.

A. how people do research studies    

B. how people open up when emailing    

C. how to communicate at work           

D. how to discuss and solve a problem


2. The reason that some couples talked freely about themselves is that _______.

A. they didn’t talk about very personal things    

B. they couldn’t see each other

C. the cameras on the computers were turned on 

D. they had to discuss a question


3. In the writer’s opinion, one should ______.

A. focus on oneself when emailing         

B. talk more freely in emails than usual

C. consider how one uses email at work 

D. discuss any subject that one wants to   

B

A new study of 8,000 young people in the journal of Health and Social Behavior shows that although love can make adults live healthily and happily,it is a bad thing for young people. Puppy love(早恋)may bring stress for young people and can lead to depression. The study shows that girls become more depressed than boys, and younger girls are the worst of all. 

The possible reason for the connection between love and higher risk of depression for girls is “loss of self”. According to the study, even though boys would say “lose themselves in a romantic relationship”, this “loss of self” is much more likely to lead to depression when it happens to girls. Young girls who have romantic relationships usually like hiding their feelings and opinions. They won’t tell that to their parents. 

Dr Marianm Kaufman, an expert on young people problems, says 15% to 20% young people will have depression during their growing. Trying romance often causes the depression. She advises kids not to jump into romance too early. During growing up, it is important for young people to build strong friendships and a strong sense of self. She also suggests the parents should encourage their kids to keep close to their friends, attend more interesting school activities and spend enough time with family.

Parents should watch for signs of depression—eating or mood changes—and if they see signs from their daughters or sons,they need to give help. The good news is that the connection between romance and depression seems to become weak with age. Love will always make us feel young, but only maturity(成熟) gives us a chance to avoid its bad side effects. 


4. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. Puppy love may bring young people depression.        
B. Parents should forbid their children’s love.
C. Romance is a two-edged sword for adults
.              
D. Romance is good for young people.


5. Which of the following is more likely to have depression?
A. Young people who have a strong sense of self.
B. Young boys whose parents watch for their behavior. 
C. Young girls who always hide their feelings and opinions.
D. Careless parents whose children are deep in love.


6. What can be inferred from the pa
ssage?
A. Lacking love can lead young people to grow up more quickly.
B. Early love makes young people keep close to their friends and parents.
C. Parents should help their children to be aware of the sign
s of depression.
D. The older a woman is, the less likely she seems to lose herself in romance.


7. What’s the author’s attitude towards puppy love?
A. Confused       B. Disapproving       

C. Disinterested      D. Scared


C

Devon, 17, is used to paying her own cell phone and car expenses. But lately it's been harder. The family she baby-sits for hasn’t been calling as much as usual and she couldn't find a job over the summer. Devon's dad said it's a sign of the tough economy. He told her he's feeling the pinch too and that he had to use her college fund to pay the loan(货款).

This kind of money troubles isn't strange to common families these days. In fact, it's hard to avoid news about the economy on the screen of the TV or the computers recently. It can seem a bit worry and some families are hit really hard.

For most people, the big problem is that things cost more at a time when they have less money to spend. But higher prices aren't the only problem. Many people are having a tough time making payments on some types of home loans.

Therefore, some families are cutting back on what they spend.  For example, eating out less, staying home instead of going on vacation, moving to a less expensive house and so on.
However, as discouraging as things may seem now, the good news is that the economy always gets back on track after a while. Jobs may be hard to find, but the slow economy can open up new opportunities. The couple Devon babysat for might cut back on evening's out, but they could be interested in hiring her for after-school care. Perhaps it's time to sell her old toys and baby gear (设备)in the basement(地下室) or help others sell these items online if she is good at it. She could charge them a fee to sell their old stuff(东西).


8. What does the underlined phrase in the first paragraph refer to?
A. Getting hurt.  B. Receiving less calls.
C. Out of work.  D. Short of money 


9. According to the passage, what constantly appears on the screen nowadays?
A. News on the tough economy.         

B. Devon's family troubles.

C. Advertisements for babysitters.        

D. Information on yard sales.


10. What do people do to overcome the tough economy?
A. To strike for high pay.      

B. To open a new store to sell toys.
C. To cut down their expense.  

D. To move to other places for vocations.


11.The passage is mainly about________

A Devon’s own family money troubles 

B. family troubles made by tough economy

C. ways of solving the slow economy 

D. the increasing prices and expenses


D

The evidence for harmony may not be obvious in some families. But it seems that four out of five young people now get on well with their parents, which is the opposite of the popularly-held image of unhappy teenagers locked in their room after endless family quarrels.

An important new study into teenage attitudes surprisingly shows that their family life is more harmonious than it had ever been in the past. “We were surprised by just how positive today’s young people seem to be about their families,” said one member of the research team. “They’re expected to be rebellious(叛逆的) and selfish but actually they have other things on their minds: they want a car and material goods, and they worry about whether school is serving them well. There’s more negotiation(商议) and discussion between parents and children, and children expect to take part in the family decision-making process. They don’t want to rock the boat.”

So it seems that this generation of parents is much more likely than parents of 30 years ago to treat their children as friends. “My parents are happy to discuss things with me and willing to listen to me,” says 17-year-old Daniel Lazall. “I always tell them when I’m going out clubbing. As long as they know what I’m doing, they’re fine with me.” Susan Crome, who is now 21, agrees. “Looking back on the last 10 years, there was a lot of what you could call negotiation. For example, as long as I’d done all my homework, I could go out on a Saturday night. But I think my grandparents were a lot stricter with my parents than that.”

Maybe this positive view of family life should not be unexpected. It is possible that the idea of teenage rebellion(反抗) is not rooted in real facts. A researcher comments, “Our surprise that teenagers say they get along well with their parents comes because of a brief period in our social history when teenagers were regarded as different beings. But that idea of rebelling and breaking away from their parents really only happened during that one time in the 1960s when everyone rebelled. The normal situation throughout history has been a smooth change from helping out with the family business to taking it over. ”


12. According to the author, teenage rebellion______

A. may be a false belief        

B. is common nowadays

C. existed only in the 1960s     

D. resulted from changes in families.


13. The study shows that teenagers don’t want to __________.

A. share family responsibility

B. cause trouble in their families

C. go boating with their family

D. make family decisions


14. Compared with parents of 30 years ago, today’s parents ____________.

A. go to clubs more often with their children

B. are much stricter with their children

C. care less about their children’s life

D. give their children more freedom


15. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Negotiation in family. B. Education in family.

C. Harmony in family.      D. Teenage trouble in family. 


E

The Farmers’ Fresh Market

This morning,I went to the Farmers Market in Burlington ,Vermont. I didn’t know what the Farmers Market is or how to get there.  16

First ,I had to decide how to go there,and I chose both to walk and to take a bus. When I went,I would walk and when I came back,I would take a bus. 17 

Walking to the market in this city,I was surprised because every house was beautiful,and they were all arranged in good order. In Korea’s cities,most houses are not like that,and many apartments are like boxes which often screen off beautiful views like hills and mountains. Also,every road is not straight and narrow. 18

19 It was a very small market,but a very interesting one. I don’t know why farmers go there to sell vegetables or why people go there to buy them because there are many more products in large supermarkets. 20 

Also ,all the things sold there were very novel. In addition to fresh food,there was homemade food and many other things such as woolen blankets,quilts ,and wooden products.

I wanted to buy some of them,but I didn’t need them,so I just looked at them. It was a very exciting experience.


A. I visited a flower stand at the market.

B. Anyway,I was able to find the Farmers’ Market.

C. So, to me, this American town was very impressive.

D. I decided to go early because the market is held in the morning.

E. I knew that it would take a long time to walk,but I wanted to see an American town.

F. I was attracted by the comfortable houses where they lived and the cars that they drove.

G. I think the reason is that the ones sold in the Farmers’ Market are fresher and cheaper.


II. 完型填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分)


阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。


I am a 17-year-old college student. Something I came across today touched me, so I decided to __21_ it.

After a long and boring morning at college, I was __22   at the bus station for my bus. While standing there, I was thinking about how _23_ the week had been when this gentleman came and stood next to me. After a while he __24_ talking to me, mainly about the buses and bus drivers. He had __25   noticed that I was feeling down, as he told me to cheer up and told a __26__. This then turned into a casual __27_ as we waited for the bus, which was late __28  

He introduced himself to me and told me it was __29_ to meet me.  Then the bus finally __30    We both got on the bus, and he sat in front of me, and we __31_   talking. At this point all my __32_ thoughts about the week were starting to __33    . He asked me what I was doing at college, and what I was planning to do  _34 _ I graduated. He wished me luck and told me he had his fingers crossed for me.

He then __35_ me a piece of paper, with “Ten ideas for kindness” on it and a link to a website. When I got off the bus, he told me that it was a __36_ to meet me and he wished me good luck.

I don’t ___37__ if this very caring man will ever read this article, _38 I want to say that he is the only person who had talked with me __39_ for a while, and noticed that I needed cheering up. He made me _40__ that life really is worth living.


21. A. report   B. share  C. describe  D. keep

22. A. gathering B searching   C. waiting  D. sitting

23. A. pleasant  B. fast  C. busy  D. terrible

24. A. stopped  B. enjoyed  C. started  D. continued

25. A. nearly  B. hardly  C. instantly  D. obviously

26. A. remark B. suggestion C. joke D. choice

27. A. discussion B. greeting C. conversation D. meeting

28. A. as well  B. as usual  C. for once  D. so far

29. A. punctual  B. surprising  C. unlucky  D. lovely

30. A. started  B. left C. arrived  D. stopped        

31. A. insisted on B. decided on C. carried on D. took on

32. A. serious B. strange C. negative D. careful

33. A. form B. melt C. burst D. disappear

34. A. after B. when C. before D. until

35. A. sent  B. tore  C. handed  D. spread

36. A. pleasure  B. pity  C. duty  D. chance

37. A. expect  B. imagine  C. doubt  D. know

38. A. for B. and C. but D. so

39. A. generally B. quietly C. sincerely D. briefly

40. A. conclude  B. realize  C. convince  D. remind


III. 语法填空(共10 小题,,每小题1.5分,满分15分


How do learning habits influence learning results? It’s useful and necessary to discuss learning habits. There is a famous 41____ (say) “Good habits lead to good endings”, which shows the importance of habits.

“An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” Also 42_____ (show) a healthy everyday habit helps to build up our body. Thus, good learning habits can help us gain great learning results, high scores and abundant knowledge 43_____ (include). At first,learning habits form our ways of thinking and 44_____(attitude) to the content of our learning. 45_____ ( obvious),a good habit can help us to speed up to reach our destinations. As we can see,developing a good habit is so important 46_____  I would like to introduce one kind of good learning habits — keep a learning diary every day. We can start the habit by 47_____ (write) a learning summary and remember to record something 48____ (impress) and meaningful. Keep it in mind, and we can gain this good learning habit and benefit from it.

What's 49____(much),I find out that I still have some bad learning habits 50____ well. I can only concentrate on reading for a short time and I will conquer this problem by spending more effort on concentration practice in future.

I believe that through my efforts,I can gain good learning results by having good habits.


IV. 短文改错(共10分)


此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。短文中有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。  

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起),不计分。


When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city , but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so , we’ll live to regret it .


V. 作文(满分25分)


一个英文网站面向中学生征稿,请你写一篇英语稿件,介绍“中秋节”及这个节日里的主要活动。


写作要点:1.它是中国的传统节日之一,家人团聚。

2. 赏月、吃月饼 3. 还有旅游、访友等其他活动。


注意: 1. 词数100左右 

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯 

3. 开头已给出,不计入总词数。


参考词汇:中秋节the Mid-Autumn Festival 农历lunar calendar赏月enjoy the full moon 月饼 moon cake


The Mid-Autumn Festival

The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month of our Chinese lunar calendar

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


【参考答案】

I.阅读理解(每小题2分, 共40分)

A篇 1----3 BBC  B篇4----7ACDB   C篇8-----11 DACB

D篇12-----15ABDC   E篇 16----20DECBG

II.完型(每小题1.5分,共30分)

21----25 BCDCD 26----30 CCADC 

31----35 CCDAC 36-----40 ADCCB

III. 语法填空(共10 小题,,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

41. saying. 42.shows 43.included  44.attitudes 

45.Obviously. 46.that 47. writing
48.impressive 49.more 50.as 

IV.短文改错(共10分)

1. think 改thought 2 in countryside中间加the 3. or改and  

4.on 改with 5. 去掉第二个been  6.seirously改serious 

7 airs改air 8.Much改Many 9.found改find 10.your改our或the

V. 作文(满分25分)

The Mid-Autumn Festival

The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month of our Chinese lunar calendar. As one of the traditional Chinese festivals, it has been enjoying great popularity in our country. Usually, no matter how far away or how busy we are, we will try to come home for the celebration. The moon that night looks the brightest in the whole lunar month. What we love most is the time we enjoy the full moon together. With the beautiful moon up in the sky, we sit together and eat moon cakes and fruit, sharing our stories. In addition to these traditional activities, we have a wilder range of choices such as traveling and visiting our relatives or friends


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