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高效能人士的7个习惯,你有吗?

2017-11-05

Habit 1:

  Be Proactive - Principles of Personal Vision

  积极主动——个人愿景的原则

  


 We are, by nature, proactive, if our lives are a function of conditioning and conditions, it is because we have, by conscious decision or by default, chosen to empower those things to control us.

  人性本质是主动而非被动的,不仅能消极选择反应,更能主动创造有利环境。采取主动并不表示要强求、惹人厌或具侵略性,只是不逃避为自己开创前途的责任。


 Work, it isn't a function of whether the weather is conducive to it or not. Reactive people are also affected by their social environment, by the 'social weather.' When people treat them well, they feel well; when people don't, they become defensive or protective. Reactive people build their emotional lives around the behavior of others, empowering the weaknesses of other people to control them.

  受制于人,同样也受制于社会“天气”的阴晴圆缺。如果受到理遇,就愉快积极,反之则退缩逃避。理智重与感情的人,则通过谨慎思考,他们的反应完全行我在自己的手中。

  


proactive /prəʊ'æktɪv/ adj. 积极的;有前瞻性的

principle /'prɪnsɪp(ə)l/ n. 原理,原则

vision /'vɪʒ(ə)n/ n. 视力;美景;愿景

function /'fʌŋ(k)ʃ(ə)n/ n. 功能;职责

condition /kən'dɪʃ(ə)n/ n. 条件;情况;v. 决定;使适应

conscious /'kɒnʃəs/ adj. 意识到的;故意的

default /dɪ'fɔ: lt/ n. 违约;缺席;不履行

empower /ɪm'paʊə/ v. 授权,允许;使能够

conducive /kən'dju: sɪv/ adj. 有益的;有助于…的

reactive /rɪ'æktɪv/ adj. 反应的;电抗的

defensive /dɪ'fensɪv/ adj. 自卫的;防御用的

protective /prə'tektɪv/ adj. 防护的;保护的

weakness /ˈwi: knəs/ n. 弱点;软弱


Habit 2:

  Begin with the End in Mind

  习惯二:以终为始——自我领导的原则

  


 What lies behind us and what lies before us are tiny matters compared to what lies within us.

  身外之物和内在力量相比,便显得微不足道。


 To Begin with the End in Mind means to start with a clear understanding of your destination. It means to know where you're going so that you better understand where you are now and so that the steps you take are always in the right direction.

  认定目标也意味,着手任何一件事,先认清防线。如此不可对目前所处的状况了解更透彻,而且在追求目标的过程中,也不致误入歧途,白费功夫。


destination /,destɪ'neɪʃ(ə)n/ n. 目的地,终点

direction /dɪˈrekʃn/ n. 方向;指导


Habit 3:

  Put First Things First - Principles of Personal Management

  习惯三:要事第一——自我管理的原则

  


 Things which matter most must never be at the mercy of things which matter least.

  最重要的事情永远不应该是你凭你想象的重要的事。


 Effective management is putting first things first. While leadership decides what 'first things' are, it is management that puts them first, day-by-day, moment-by-moment. Management is discipline, carrying it out.

  有效的管理是把事情放在第一位。 由你领导决定什么是“最重要的事情”,管理上就是把它们放在第一位,每一天,每一秒都在做最重要的事。记住管理是是执行的前提。

  

management /'mænɪdʒm(ə)nt/ n. 管理;管理人员

mercy /'mɜ: sɪ/ n. 仁慈,宽容;怜悯;幸运

discipline /'dɪsɪplɪn/ n. 学科;纪律


Habit 4:

  Think Win-Win - Principles of Interpersonal Leadership

  习惯四:双赢思维——人际领导的原则

  


 Think Win-Win is the habit of interpersonal leadership. It involves the exercise of each of the unique human endowments -- self-awareness, imagination, conscience, and independent will -- in our relationships with others. It involves mutual learning, mutual influence, mutual benefits.

  双赢被任务是人际领导的习惯。 它涉及到在与他人的关系中运用的每一种独特人类禀赋 - 自我意识,想象力,良知和独立意志。 互利互惠也涉及相互学习,相互影响,互惠互利等方面。

  

interpersonal /ɪntə'pɜ: s(ə)n(ə)l/ adj. 人际的;人与人之间的

involve /ɪn'vɒlv/ v. 包含;牵涉

endowment /ɪn'daʊm(ə)nt/ n. 捐赠;捐助;捐款

self-awareness /,selfə'wεənis/ n. 自我意识

imagination /ɪ,mædʒɪ'neɪʃ(ə)n/ n. 想象力;空想;幻想物

conscience /'kɒnʃ(ə)ns/ n. 道德心,良心

independent /,ɪndɪ'pendənt/ adj. 独立的;单独的

mutual /'mju: tʃʊəl/ adj. 共同的;相互的


Habit 5:

  Seek First to Understand, Then to Be Understood

  习惯五:知彼解己——同理心交流的原则

  


 When another person speaks, we're usually 'listening' at one of four levels.

  “聆听”也是有层次之分。


 We may be ignoring another person, not really listening at all. We may practice pretending. 'Yeah. Uh-huh. Right.' We may practice selective listening, hearing only certain parts of the constant chatter of a preschool child. Or we may even practice attentive listening, paying attention and focusing energy on the words that are being said.

  参差最低的是”听而不闻“,如同耳边风,其次是“虚实结合的故事”“嗯...是的....对对对....”略有反应,其实是心不在焉 ,第三是“选择的听”,只听自己口味的,第四是“专注的听”,每句话都进入大脑,但是否听出了真意,值得怀疑。


 But very few of us ever practice the fifth level, the highest form of listening, empathic listening.

  层次最高的则是:“设身处地的聆听,”一般人很少办到。

  

selective /sɪ'lektɪv/ adj. 选择性的;讲究的

constant /'kɒnst(ə)nt/ adj. 不变的;恒定的

chatter /'tʃætə/ n. 唠叨;饶舌

attentive /ə'tentɪv/ adj. 留意的,注意的

empathic /em'pæθɪk/ adj. 移情作用的;神入的


Habit 6:

  Synergize - Principles of Creative Cooperation

  习惯六:统合综效——创造性合作的原则

  


 Synergy means that 1 + 1 may equal 8, 16, or even 1,600. The synergistic position of high trust produces solutions better than any originally proposed, and all parties know it. Furthermore, they genuinely enjoy the creative enterprise. A miniculture is formed to satisfy in and of itself.

  协同作用意味着1 + 1可以等于8,16或甚至1600。 高度信任的协同合作比任何原始建议更好地产生解决方案,这是所有人都有目共睹的。 此外,在创造价值的过程中,他们也真的乐在其中,并且员工在这里会不但可以体验到企业文化也会实现自我价值的满足。

  

synergize /'sɪnədʒaɪz/ v. 起增效剂作用;协同加强...的活动

cooperation /kəʊ,ɒpə'reɪʃ(ə)n/ n. 合作,协作

synergy /'sɪnədʒɪ/ n. 协同;协同作用

originally /ə'rɪdʒɪn(ə)lɪ/ adv. 最初,起初

furthermore /fɜ: ðə'mɔ: / adv. 此外;而且

genuinely /'dʒenjuinli/ adv. 真诚地;诚实地

enterprise /'entəpraɪz/ n. 企业;事业;进取心


Habit 7:

  Sharpen the Saw

  习惯七:不断更新——平衡的自我更新原则

  


 It's preserving and enhancing the greatest asset you have -- you. It's renewing the four dimensions of your nature -- physical, spiritual, mental, and social/emotional.

  “工欲善其事,必先利器。”准则的主旨就是从身体、精神心智与待人处世等四个层面增进个人本领。


 'Sharpen the Saw' basically means expressing all four motivations. It means exercising all four dimensions of our nature, regularly and consistently, in wise and balanced ways.

  磨练自己是指以均衡明智的方式,自发,经常,持续的从上述四个方面进行自我修炼。

  

sharpen /'ʃα: p(ə)n/ v. 磨快;使敏捷

preserve /prɪ'zɜ: v/ v. 保存;保护;维持

enhance /ɪn'hα: ns/ v. 提高;加强;增加

asset /'æset/ n. 资产;优点;有用的东西

dimension /dɪ'menʃ(ə)n/ n. 方面;维;尺寸

spiritual /'spɪrɪtʃʊəl/ adj. 精神的,心灵的

  

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