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英语日常生活基本词汇-常见工作和职业词汇
    词汇是英语学习的基础,其中基本词汇更是基础中的基础。学习日常生活基本词汇,提高基本写作和听说写能力,是每个英语学习者必学的基础知识。

    工作是用来谋生的,职业不仅可以解决谋生的问题,还可以解决未来发展的问题。

    一、常见的工作和职业词汇

    accountant [əˈkaʊntənt]    会计师,会计员

    She has been an accountant all her working life. 
    她在整个职业生涯中一直是会计师。

    actor [ˈæktə(r)]    演员

    Did you always want to be an actor? 
    你以前一直想当演员吗?

    actress [ˈæktrəs]    女演员

    She's a very great dramatic actress.
    她是一个非常了不起的戏剧演员。

    athlete [ˈæθliːt]    运动员

    She is a natural athlete. 
    她是个天生的运动健将。

    author [ˈɔːθə(r)]    作者

    Who is your favourite author?
    你最喜欢哪位作家?

    baker [ˈbeɪkə(r)]    面包师

    I'm just going to the baker's.
    我正要去面包店。

    barber [ˈbɑːbə(r)]    (为男子理发、修面的)理发师 

    I asked the barber for a trim. 
    我叫理发师把头发修剪一下。

    beautician [bjuːˈtɪʃn]    美容师

    She was working double hours as a beautician.
    作为美容师,她的工作时间是双倍的。

    broker [ˈbrəʊkə(r)]    经纪人

    He was never an honest broker.
    他从来不是一个诚实的经纪人。

    builder [ˈbɪldə(r)]    建筑工人,建造者

    The builders have finished the roof.
    建筑工人已经盖好了房顶。

    butcher [ˈbʊtʃə(r)]    屠夫,肉贩子

    My grandfather was a butcher.
    我祖父是个屠夫。

    carpenter [ˈkɑːpəntə(r)]    木匠,木工

    I should like a word with the carpenter 
    我想和木匠谈一谈。

    cashier [kæˈʃɪə(r)]    出纳员

    The cashier was counting the money he had received. 
    出纳员在统计收款总额。

    chambermaid [ˈtʃeɪmbəmeɪd]    (通常指旅馆内)女服务员

    I think the chambermaid is waiting to change the sheets. 
    我想女服务员正等着换床单。

    chauffeur [ˈʃəʊfə(r)]    (尤指富人或要人的)司机

    I turned back to look at the chauffeur.
    我回头看了看司机。

    chef [ʃef]     厨师;(尤指餐馆、饭店等的)主厨,厨师长 

    He is one of the top chefs in Britain.
    他是英国最好的厨师之一。

    clerk [klɑːk]    店员,职员,文书,接待员

    The clerk at the counter gave me too little change. 
    柜台的售货员少给我找了零钱。

    coach [kəʊtʃ]    教练,私人教师

    Our football coach trains the team. 
    我们的足球教练训练这个队。

    cook [kʊk]   厨师;炊事员 

    She was employed as a cook in a hotel.
    她受雇在一家饭店做厨师。

    craftsman [ˈkrɑːftsmən]    工匠;手艺人;工艺师 

    It is clearly the work of a master craftsman. 
    很明显这是工艺大师的作品。

    dentist [ˈdentɪst]    牙医

    I have to go to the dentist tomorrow. 
    我明天得去看牙医。

    director [dəˈrektə(r)]    董事,理事,经理;负责人,主任;导演

    He's on the board of directors .
    他是董事会成员。

    doctor [ˈdɒktə(r)]    医生

    The doctor said I had to stay in bed. 
    医生说我必须卧床休息。

    editor [ˈedɪtə(r)]     编辑,主编;校订者,审校者;剪辑员,剪接师 

    Who is the current editor of the times? 
    《泰晤士报》的现任主编是谁?

    electrician [ɪˌlekˈtrɪʃn]    电工

    He was an electrician by profession. 
    他的职业是电工。

    engineer [ˌendʒɪˈnɪə(r)]    工程师,设计师;技师,技工

    They're sending an engineer to fix the phone.
    他们要派一名技师来安装电话。

    farmer [ˈfɑːmə(r)]    农民,农场主

    There once was a poor farmer who had four sons. 
    从前有一个贫苦的农夫,他有四个儿子。

    fire fighter [ˈfaɪə(r) ˈfaɪtə(r)]    消防人员

    Tim has been a fire fighter for five years. 
    蒂姆成为消防队员已经有五年的时间了。

    fisherman [ˈfɪʃəmən]    渔民

    In the opera he plays the part of an old fisherman. 
    他在戏里扮一位老渔翁。

    footballer [ˈfʊtbɔːlə(r)]    足球运动员(football player)

    I had natural ability as a footballer. 
    我天生就是当足球运动员的料。

    hairdresser [ˈheədresə(r)]    理发师,美发师

    The hairdresser will do you next. 
    理发师接下来就给你理发。

    judge [dʒʌdʒ]    法官,审判员;裁判员,评判员

    The judge sentenced him to five years in prison.
    法官判他五年监禁。

    lawyer [ˈlɔːjə(r)]    律师

    I recommend he should see a lawyer. 
    我建议他去找个律师。

    magician [məˈdʒɪʃn]    魔术师

    The magician waved his hand and the dove vanished. 
    魔术师挥了一下手,鸽子就突然不见了。

    mechanic [məˈkænɪk]   技工,机械师

    The mechanic located the fault immediately. 
    机修工立即找到了出故障的地方。

    model [ˈmɒdl]   模特

    The best models receive star treatment. 
    最优秀的模特儿会受到明星级的待遇。

    musician [mjuˈzɪʃn]    音乐家,作曲家,乐师

    He was a brilliant musician.
    他是一位才华横溢的音乐家。

    nurse [nɜːs]    护士

    She had spent 29 years as a nurse.
    她做了29年的护士。

    optician [ɒpˈtɪʃn]    眼镜商,验光师

    The optician said I needed new glasses. 
    验光师说我需要配新眼镜。

    painter [ˈpeɪntə(r)]    画家,油漆匠

    He works as a painter and decorator. 
    他的职业是油漆匠和装潢师傅。

    pharmacist [ˈfɑːməsɪst]    药剂师

    The pharmacist will make up your prescription. 
    药剂师会给你依处方配药。

    photographer [fəˈtɒɡrəfə(r)]    摄影师

    She was a keen amateur photographer. 
    她是业余摄影爱好者。

    pilot [ˈpaɪlət]    飞行员

    He spent seventeen years as an airline pilot.
    他当了17年的航空公司飞行员。

    plumber [ˈplʌmə(r)]    水暖工,管子工

    We had to call in a plumber to unblock the drain. 
    我们只得叫个管子工来疏通下水道。

    poet [ˈpəʊɪt]    诗人

    He was a painter and poet.
    他既是画家又是诗人。

    policeman [pəˈliːsmən]    警察

    The policeman wanted to see all our documents. 
    警察想查看我们所有的证件。

    policewoman [pəˈliːswʊmən]   女警察

    The policewoman walked by without saying a word. 
    那个女警察一言不发地走了过去。

    politician [ˌpɒləˈtɪʃn]    政治家,从政者

    He represents a new breed of politician. 
    他代表着新一类的政治家。

    porter [ˈpɔːtə(r)]    搬运工人

    She tipped the porter a dollar. 
    她给了行李工一元的小费。

    postman [ˈpəʊstmən]    邮递员,邮差

    Has the postman been yet
    邮递员来过了吗?

    president [ˈprezɪdənt]    总统,国家主席;会长,院长;银行行长,总裁,董事长

    The president occupies the position for four years. 
    总统任期四年。

    priest [priːst]    牧师,司祭,神父

    Stavros was training to be a priest 
    斯塔夫罗斯正受训成为一名牧师。

    prime minister [ˌpraɪm ˈmɪnɪstə(r)]    总理,首相

    The prime minister is about to call an election. 
    首相即将宣布举行大选。

    professor [prəˈfesə(r)]    教授

    He was made professor at the age of 40. 
    他40岁时成为教授。

    real estate agent    房地产经纪人

    I just got off the phone with our real estate agent. 
    我刚跟我们的房地产经纪人通过电话。

    receptionist [rɪˈsepʃənɪst]   接待员

    The receptionist led the way to the boardroom. 
    接待员领路来到董事会会议室。

    sailor [ˈseɪlə(r)]    水手,海员

    This sailor always keeps a journal. 
    这名海员经常记日志。

    sales representative [ˈseɪlz reprɪzentətɪv]    销售代表

    She had a stressful job as a sales representative. 
    作为一名销售代表,她的工作压力很大。

    salesman [ˈseɪlzmən]    推销员,售货员

    The salesman got a$ 50 commission for every car he sold. 
    这个推销员每销售一辆汽车得到50美元的回扣。

    scientist [ˈsaɪəntɪst]    科学家

    He is a writer first and a scientist second. 
    他首先是作家,然后才是科学家。

    secretary [ˈsekrətri]    秘书;干事,文书;部长,大臣

    My secretary is very good at filtering my calls. 
    我的秘书很会替我推掉不相干的电话。

    shoemaker [ˈʃuːmeɪkə(r)]    鞋匠

    The husband was a shoemaker who made very good shoes. 
    丈夫是一个鞋匠,鞋子做得很好。

    shop assistant    售货员,店员

    The shop assistant is serving a customer. 
    店员正在接待一名顾客。

    soldier [ˈsəʊldʒə(r)]    士兵,军人

    They stood as straight as soldiers on parade. 
    他们像接受检阅的士兵一样站得笔直。

    surgeon [ˈsɜːdʒən]    外科医生

    A surgeon needs a good eye and a steady hand. 
    做外科医生眼要准,手要稳。

    tailor [ˈteɪlə(r)]    裁缝

    The tailor delicately plied his needle. 
    裁缝精巧地飞针走线。

    taxi driver [ˈtæksi ˈdraɪvə(r)]   出租车司机

    The taxi driver was being very unhelpful. 
    那个出租车司机不肯帮忙。

    teacher [ˈtiːtʃə(r)]    老师,教师,教员

    She spent most of her working life as a teacher. 
    她一生中大部分工作时间都当教师。

    technician [tekˈnɪʃn]   技术员,技师

    A technician loads a video tape into one of the machines 
    一名技师把一盒录影带装进其中一台机器。

    translator [trænzˈleɪtə(r)]    翻译,译员,译者,翻译家

    She works as a translator of technical texts. 
    她的工作是科技翻译。

    travel agent [ˈtrævl eɪdʒənt]   旅行社代理人

    He works in a travel agent's. 
    他在一家旅行社工作。

    veterinarian (vet) [ˌvetərɪˈneəriən]    兽医

    What made you decide on a career as a vet? 
    是什么驱使你选择兽医这门职业的?

    waiter [ˈweɪtə(r)]     服务员

    The waiter made a mistake adding up the bill. 
    服务员结账时算错了账。

    waitress [ˈweɪtrəs]    服务员

    I'll ask the waitress for the bill. 
    我要让女服务员拿账单来。

    welder [ˈweldə(r)]    焊接工

    The welder bent to his work with determination. 
    这个焊工决心集中全力工作。


    二、如何对工作或职业及相关的信息进行提问

    Can you describe your current job?
    你能描述一下你现在的工作吗?

    What was your first job?
    你的第一份工作是什么?

    Do you ever work overtime?
    你加班过吗?

    Do you have a part-time job? If so, what do you do?
    你有兼职工作吗?如果有,你做什么?

    Do you have to attend a lot of meetings for your job?
    你的工作需要参加很多会议吗?

    Do you have to do a lot of paperwork?
    你需要做很多文书工作吗?

    Do you have to work overtime?
    你必须加班吗?

    Do you have to work on Sundays?
    你周日必须工作吗?

    Do you like your boss/ job? Why or why not?
    你喜欢你的老板/工作吗?为什么或为什么不?

    Do you think your company is well run?
    你认为你的公司经营得好吗?

    Do you work on weekends/ Sundays?
    你周末/周日工作吗?

    Does your mother work?
    你妈妈工作吗?

    Have you ever been promoted?
    你升职过吗?

    Have you ever worked on a farm?
    你在农场工作过吗?

    How do you like your work?
    你觉得你的工作怎么样?

    How long do you plan to continue working where you are?
    你打算在你现在的地方工作多久?

    How long have you been working at your present job?
    你从事目前的工作有多久了?

    How many days/ hours a week do you work?
    你每周工作多少天/小时?

    How many times have you been promoted?
    你被提升了多少次?

    When was the last time you were promoted?
    你上次升职是什么时候?

    Did you get a large pay raise at that time?
    那时候你加薪多吗?

    How much do you think a doctor should be paid a month?
    你认为一个医生一个月应该赚多少钱?

    How much money does a secretary get paid per week?
    一个秘书每周拿多少钱?

    How old were you when you got your first job?
    你什么时候得到第一份工作的?

    How well do you get along with your boss?
    你和老板相处得怎么样?

    What are some common occupations in your country?
    你们国家有什么常见的职业?

    What are some common jobs for men/ women in your country?
    在你们国家,男人/女人有哪些常见的工作?

    What are some jobs that children do?
    孩子们做什么工作?

    What are some jobs that you think would be boring/ fun?
    你认为哪些工作会很无聊/有趣?

    What are some questions that are frequently asked in a job interview?
    在工作面试中,哪些问题是经常被问到的?

    What are you responsible for?
    你负责什么?

    What do you do?
    你是做什么的?

    What's your job?
    你的工作是什么?

    What do you like most about that job?
    你最喜欢那份工作什么?

    What do you think is the best/worst job? 
    你认为什么是最好/最糟糕的工作?

    What do you think would be the most interestin/boring job? 
    你认为最有趣/最无聊的工作是什么?

    What does your father do?
    你父亲是做什么的?

    What does your father do for a living?
    你父亲靠什么谋生?

    What influenced your choice of job?
    是什么影响了你的工作选择?

    Why did you choose your job?
    你为什么选择你的工作?

    What job do you want to have in five years' time?
    五年后你想做什么工作?

    What job(s) do you wish to have in the future?
    你将来想做什么工作?

    What kind of volunteer work have you done?
    你做过什么样的志愿者工作?

    What kind of work do you do?
    你做什么工作?

    What kind of work do you want to do in the future?
    你将来想做什么工作?

    What time do you get home from work?
    你什么时候下班回家?

    What time do your start and finish work?
    你什么时候开始和结束工作?

    What would be your dream job?
    你的理想工作是什么?

    Do you think it would be possible for you to get this job?
    你认为你有可能得到这份工作吗?

    What's one job you wouldn't like to do? Why not?
    你不喜欢做什么工作?为什么呢?

    What's your brother's occupation?
    你哥哥的职业是什么?

    When you were a child, what did you want to be when you grew up?
    当你还是个孩子的时候,你长大后想成为什么样的人?

    When you were a child, what job did you want to have when you grew up?
    在你小的时候,长大后想做什么工作?

    Where do you work and what is your current job?
    你在哪里工作?你现在的工作是什么?

    Which job are you best at?
    你最擅长哪项工作?

    Which job would you never do?
    哪项工作你永远不会做?

    Why did you leave your last job?
    你为什么离开上一份工作?

    Did you resign or were you sacked?
    你辞职了还是被解雇了?

    Would you like a job in which you traveled a lot?
    你想要一份经常出差的工作吗?

    Would you like a job that required you to sit at a computer all day?
    你想要一份整天坐在电脑前的工作吗?

    Would you like to do the same job for the rest of your life?
    你愿意一辈子做同样的工作吗?

    Would you like to work in an office? Why or why not?
    你想在办公室工作吗?为什么想或为什么不想?

    Would you rather be a doctor or a banker?
    你想当医生还是银行家?

    Would you rather work inside or outside?
    你宁愿在室内工作还是在室外工作?

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