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高中英语作文如何获得高分?这些高级词汇和句型是关键

黄小将在之前提到过英语高分作文要用一些高级词汇和句型,而其实这些高级词汇以及句型在日常的英语学习中常常能见到,不管是英语书上,还是英语报纸试卷的单选题、完形填空、阅读理解中都会出现这些词汇和句子。

而这些高级词汇其实也并没有那么“高级”,可能只是换了一个单词,或者换了一个说法,整个句子就一下子变得不一样了,今天,黄小将为大家整理了一些高中英语作文中常用的高级词汇以及句型,我们一起来看看吧。

一、常用高级词汇

1.occur替换think of

It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.

2.devote替换spend

He spends all his spare time in reading.

He devotes all his spare time to reading.

3.seek替换want / look for

They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.

4.average 替换ordinary

I’m an average ( ordinary ) student.

5.but替换very

The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.

6.seat 替换sit

On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried.

7.suppose 替换should

He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.

8.appreciate 替换thank

We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.

9.the case替换 true

I don’t think it is the case ( true ).

10.on替换as soon as

On his arrival, he began his research..

11.due to替换because of

He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.

12.cover替换walk/read

After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.

13.contribute to替换 be helpful/useful

Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.

14.come up with替换think of

Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas.

15.set aside替换save

Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books.

16.be of + n. 替换形容词.

The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China.

17.refer to替换talk about/of, mention

The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous.

18.can not but / can not help but替换have to do

I could not but (had to) go home.

19.more often than not替换usually

More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.

20.lest替换so that /in order that

I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it.

21.be long for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换want to do sth./wish for

I am long to see you.

22.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in

He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps.

23.more than替换very

If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.

24.perfect (ly) 替换good/ very well

He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ).

25.do sb a/the favor 替换help

Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio?

26.the other day替换a few days ago

The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle.

27.in the course of替换during

In the course of (During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety.

28.the majority of替换most

The majority of (Most of ) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema.

​29.consist of替换be made up of

Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students.

30.be worn out替换 be tired / broken

My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair.

31.become of替换 happen

What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ?

32.attend to替换look after

33.on condition that替换as long as

34.nevertheless替换however

35.express one’s satisfaction with替换be satisfied with

36.spare no efforts to do替换try one’s best to do

37.many a 替换many

38.be rushed off one’s feet 替换be busy in doing

39.a handful of替换a little / some

40.meanwhile替换at the same time

41.get to one’s feet替换stand up

42.beneath替换under

43.occasionally替换sometimes /once in while

44.for instance替换for example

45.seldom替换not often

46.wealthy替换 rich

47.amazing替换surprising

48.as a matter of fact 替换in fact

二、高级句型结构

1、It句型

(1)It will be + some time + before…

It won’t be long before humans visit the Mars.

(2)It is + adj./n.+ for sb to do sth.

It is very important for us to learn computer well, because it has changed our life so much.

(3)It is + 被强调部分 + that…

It is what Yang Liwei has done that encourages us a lot.

2、more …than any other 表示最高级

Among the optional courses, spoken English and computer study are more popular than any one else.

3、名词从句

My hometown is no longer what it used to be.

4、非限制性定语从句

The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School.

5、with结构

A terrible accident happened yesterday, with nine people killed and almost eighty injured.

6、倒装句

Only in this way can he grow to be a useful man.

7、被动语态

New factories, houses and roads have been built.(2004 江苏卷)

8、其它

(1)注重句子的开头

①用with复合结构开头

With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we want.

②用非谓语动词形式开头

In order to improve our English, our school held an English contest.

Walking towards the cinema, he met a foreigner.

(2)长短句交错使用(注意:应突出主题句;长句子并非越长越好)

9、相关过渡语

表示时间顺序: first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, later,first of all, finally, at last…

表示空间顺序: near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side…

表示比较、对照: like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary, nevertheless, otherwise…

表示因果关系: because, for, as a result, therefore, thus…

表示递进关系: besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, on top of…

表示并列关系: and, as well as, also…

表示总结性: in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief,to conclude…

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