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现代奥林匹克之父

2018.05.11

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    皮埃尔。顾拜旦,法国教育家,史学家。1896年,他创办了现代奥运会,从此开始了他体育活动家的生活。他担任国际奥委会主席之职长达27年之久,终生倡导奥林匹克精神,被誉为“奥林匹克之父”。1937年9月2日,当这颗伟大的心脏停止跳动时,全世界都为之动容。遵照他生前的遗愿,顾拜旦的遗体葬在国际奥委会总部所在地洛桑,心脏则埋在奥林匹克运动发源地-奥林匹亚。他希望即使自己已长眠于地下,但其心脏仍能与奥林匹克运动的脉搏一起跳动。

    Pierre de Coubertin, was born on 1 January 1863 in Paris. Very early in life he showed a liking for literature, history and the problems of education and sociology. Giving up the army, abandoning too the political career that was open to him at the age of twenty-four, Pierre de Coubertin decided to launch a vast movement of educational reform, and at twenty-five his life work was started.

    It is also to him that we owe all the organization of the Olympic Games, which have benefited from his methodical and precise mind, and from his wide understanding of the aspirations and needs of young people. The Olympic Charter and Protocol, as well as the athletes' oath are his work, together with the ceremonial for the opening and closing of the Games. Furthermore, until 1925 he personally presided over the International Olympic Committee.

    The title of Honorary President of the Olympic Games was bestowed on him in 1925 until his death in 1937. It was decided that no other President would ever be granted this honour again. The revival of the Olympic Games represents only a small part of the Baron de Coubertin's work. Apart from numerous publications devoted to the technique and teaching of sport, he was the author of important historical, political and sociological studies. His works total over sixty thousand pages.

    He died on 2 September 1937 in Geneva having spent his entire fortune on his ideals. He is considered one of the great men of the 20th century. In accordance with his last wishes, his heart was interred at Olympia (Greece), in the marble monument commemorating the revival of the Olympic Games.

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