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《英语课程标准》附录节选——英语课堂教学用语

2011.09.24

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                《英语课程标准》附录八、课堂教学用语

I. Daily Routines

1.Greetings

Hello.                                   

Hi. Class/Children/Everybody/Boys and girls.  

Good morning.

Good afternoon.

How are you (today)?    

Fine, thanks. How are you?

How are you doing, Susan?          

Not (too) bad./Very well./Okay!/Pretty good./Great!/

How is it going?                                          

How about you?/What about you?

How are things with you, John?  

Same as before./Nothing unusual./Nothing special.

Nothing new./Busy as usual.

 

2. Saying Goodbye

Bye!

Bye now!

So long!

See you!

See you again/tomorrow/next week.

See you soon!

 

Take care.

Wish you luck.

Have a nice day/weekend/vacation!

Have a good time!

Enjoy your weekend/vacation!

 

3. Class time

(1) Beginning a Class

Shall we start?

Can we begin?

Time for class!

It’s time to start our class.

Are you ready to start?

Is everybody ready for class?

Let’s begin with some listening/speaking/reading/writing.

Today we are going to learn about “Seasons”.

 

(2) Asking about absences

Is anybody absent?

Is everybody here?

Who’s not here today?

Who’s absent today?

Who knows where Susan is?

Has anyone seen Amy today?

What’s wrong with Mary?

 

(3) Asking about reasons for being late/absent

What happened to Mary?

What’s the matter?

Are you sick?

Have you got a cold/flu?

Why are you late?

Where have you been?

Did you miss the bus?

Did you oversleep?

Was the traffic bad?

 

(4) Being late

I’m sorry. I’m late.

I’m sorry for being late.

Excuse me. May I come in?

I’m sorry I’m late. May I come in?

 

(5) Giving reasons for being late

I got up late.

I overslept.

I forgot the time.

My watch is slow.

I missed the bus.

I took the wrong bus.

I got stuck in traffic.

I had a bad cold.

I forgot to bring my book and went home to get it.

 

(6) Break Time

Let’s take/have a break.

Have a short break now.

Take a break for five minutes.

Time’s up. You can go now.

Class is over.

Class is dismissed.

That’s all for this morning.

It’s time to stop.

 

4. Meal Time

It’s time for lunch.

It’s time to eat.

Enjoy your meal.

Wash your hands before you eat.

What do you want for lunch?

What would you like for lunch?

Some more?

Is it enough?

Do you want some more?

Are you hungry/thirsty?

I’m full.

I’m very thirsty.

It tastes good.

Smells good!

Yummy!

It tastes terrible!

It’s too sour!

It’s too sweet!

Yuck!

It’s too salty.

I don’t like it at all.

It’s too spicy.

Don’t talk with your mouth full.

Don’t talk while you’re eating.

Don’t waste food.

Wipe your mouth.

Put your lunch box away, please.

 

5. May I go to the bathroom?

May I go to the girls’ room/boys’ room?

Excuse me. Where is the bathroom?

May I go pee-pee? (For children 小便)

May I go pooh-pooh? (For children 大便)

 

6. Going Home

I go home by bus.

How do you go home?

 My mother will take me home.

Will you go home by yourself?

My father will pick me up.

    I’ll go home by myself.

 

 

II. Teaching in the classroom

1. Teaching listening, speaking, reading and writing

Just listen. Don’t repeat.

Listen with your books closed.

Listen carefully and do what I say.

Listen to my questions first.

Say it with me.

Look at my mouth.

Watch my lips.

How do you say the first word?

How do you spell “flower”?

Look at the picture and tell me what you see.

What do you call this in English?

What does…mean?

What’s the opposite of “happy”?

What’s the difference between the sentences?

Don’t read it out. Just read it silently, please.

You may look at your book this time.

Let’s try it with the books open.

Let’s try it with the books closed.

Let’s do a role play.

Who wants to be Mr. Green?

Who would like to act out the dialogue for us?

Do you want to be Mary or Mark?

Let’s read the text aloud.

Write your name on the cover/at the top.

Write it on the board.

Write it neatly.

Copy the new words.

Copy it down in your notebook.

Make a note of this.

Take notes on what I say in your notebook.

Could you take out a piece of paper?

Could you find a pen for me?

Take out your book(s).

Give me your homework.

Show me your pen(s).

One book for every three students.

There’s one set of pictures for each group.

Can you share with Jack, please?

Would you mind sharing with Jack?

Is there anybody without a copy?

Is there anyone who hasn’t got a copy?

Can you find the right page?

Do you know where we are?

Turn back to page 21.

It’s right at the top/bottom.

It’s in the middle of the page.

It’s about half way down.

It’s on the left-hand side/the right-hand side.

 

2. Checking comprehension

Understand?

Do you get it?

Got it?

Do you understand?

Do you all know what to do?

Is there anything you don’t understand?

 

Any questions/problems?

Is everything clear?

Are there any questions?

Tell me/raise your hands/put your hands up if you don’t understand.

Do I need to say it again?

 

3. Organizing individual work, pair work, group work, and whole class work

Do it yourself/ yourselves.

Work on your own.

Find a friend/partner.

Work (together) with your friend/partner.

Work in pairs.

Do it in pairs.

You two work together. You two, you and you.

Henry, turn around and work with Mary.

Anyone without a partner?

Has everybody got a partner?

Who has no partner?

Who hasn’t found a partner?

Get together in groups.

Work in groups.

Do this in groups.

Let’s do some group work.

Let’s make two teams.

Now, I’m going to divide you in three groups.

Work in groups of four.

Could you get into groups of six?

Can you arrange yourselves in groups of six?

Together.

Everybody.

All of you, all together.

The whole class, please.

Whose turn is it?

Who’s next?

Whose turn is it now?

Let’s move to the next one.

Who hasn’t got a try?

Has anyone not had a turn?

Finished?

Have you finished?

Have you done everything?

Who hasn’t finished?

Let’s stop here.

The game is over.

It’s time to stop/finish.

Time’s up.

 

4. Game Time

Now, we’ll play a game.

Today, we are going to play a new game.

This time, we’re going to do a guessing/counting/spelling game.

Let’s act out our play!

Let’s sing a song.

Let’s do the singing together.

First, let’s just listen to the tune.

Sing along with the tape.

 

I say, “Touch the door”, you touch the door. And I say, “Touch the window”, you touch the window. OK?

 

First, listen to the tape. Next, I say the words and you point to the pictures. Then, listen and repeat after the tape. Finally, I point to the pictures and you say the words.

 

Here are two pictures. Work in pairs, each with a different picture. They have five different things. But do not let your friend see your picture (Do not show your picture to your friend). Ask each other questions to find out what is different. Write down the differences.

 

Bingo Games

Write nine words on your sheet. Any words related with food. You can write “apple”, “banana”, “bread”, “milk” or…

I’ll say a word, and you put an “X” on the word, like this. OK?

If you have three “X”s in a line, this way (vertically), this way (horizontally), or this way (diagonally), say “Bingo!”

 

If you can do it, you win/you get a point. If you can’t do it, you are out/you lose a point.

 

 

5. Asking for Volunteers

Any volunteers?

Anyone else?

Does anyone know the answer?

Could somebody tell me the answer?

Who will be the first person/group/team/pair/one?

Who wants to be the teacher?

Who can tell me the answer?

Who wants to go first?

 

Could you come to the front?

Could you answer the question?

 

6. To be a Volunteer

Me!

I’ll try!

I can do it!

Let me try!

I know!

Let me do it!

I want to be the volunteer!

 

7. Let’s start

Now, start!

Let’s start/begin!

Count to five! Go!

One, two, three, go!

Now you can all have a try. Go!

One minute. Ready? Go!

Only five minutes. Go!

I’ll give two minutes. Go!

Finish it in one minute.

Start now. I’ll give you two minutes.

One minute left.

 

8. Praise and Encouragement

Good, well done.

Good boy/girl!

You are wonderful today.

You are smart.

Very good!

Not bad!

Good idea!

Very good, indeed.

That’s fine.

 

Yes, you did it!

You got it!

Yes, you made it.

Well done!

Good/Nice job!

You did very well.

Good work/try.

 

Great!

Wonderful!

Super!

Brilliant!

Fabulous!

Terrific!

Excellent!

Amazing!

Fantastic!

Marvelous!

 

That’s perfect!

That’s lovely.

That’s nice.

That’s neat!

 

Let’s give him a big hand!

Clap your hands!

 

You’ve done it much better this time.

You’ve made a lot of progress!

You’ve progressed a lot.

You’ve improved a lot!

 

I hope you will do better next time.

Take it easy.

Don’t worry. It doesn’t matter.

Don’t be shy.

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes.

Don’t worry. Everyone makes mistakes.

That’s OK. No one is perfect.

You’ve done your best. Good!

I’ll help you if you get stuck.

Take a guess if you don’t know.

You can do it.

Come on! Have a try.

Take your time. Try it one more time.

 

9. Classroom Management

Quiet now, please!

Sit down and be quiet!

Be quiet, please.

Stop talking!

Silence, please!

Stop talking now so we can start.

 

Don’t make any noise.

Don’t make so much noise!

 

Speak louder, please.

Louder, please.

Say it louder, please.

Speak a little louder, please.

Speak up, please.

Say it a bit louder, please.

Once again, but louder, please.

 

Speak lower, please.

Speak softer, this time.

Speak more quietly, please.

Speak more softly, please.

Not so loud.

 

You can’t do that.

You mustn’t do that.

That’s enough!

Don’t do that!

Stop doing that!

No more talking.

 

Again. Slowly.

One more time. Carefully.

Not so quickly. I can’t follow you.

 

Can you hear in the back?

Is that loud enough?

Can you see the picture?

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