中国新年快乐：Happy Chinese New Year.
传统中国节日：traditional Chinese festival
过年 ：have the Spring Festival
除夕： New Year's Eve
春节：the Spring Festival
元宵节：the Lantern Festival
正月：the first month of the lunar year或者lunar January
正月初一：The first of the lunar January或者Chinese New Year
正月初二就是the second day of the lunar new year，后面可以同理~
春运：Spring Festival travel rush
春联 ：Spring Festival couplets
post new year's scrolls;
They put up posters on their doors and walls
放烟花：shoot off fireworks ; let off fireworks
The year of the Tiger began this week as usual in China with cascades offireworks and, as is now also the custom, of celebratory text messages on mobile phones.
放鞭炮： set off firecrackers shoot off firecrackers
红包 ：red packets
压岁钱： gift money
去晦气：get rid of the ill-fortune
辞旧岁：bid farewell to the old year
春联：Spring Festival couplets
They put up posters on their doors and walls.
贴倒福：paste the Chinese character 'Fu' upside down
辞旧岁 ：bid farewell to the old year
拜年： pay a New Year's call
舞狮： lion dance
舞龙： dragon dance
年画： New Year paintings
买年货： do Spring Festival shopping
敬酒： propose a toast
祭祖：offer sacrifices to one's ancestors
祭财神：worship the God of Wealth
灯会： exhibit of lanterns
祭灶：offer sacrifices to the God of Kitchen
春节联欢晚会：Spring Festival gala
年画：New Year painting
秧歌：Yongko dance；rural folk dance
戏曲 ：traditional opera
杂耍 ：variety show
灯谜 ：riddles written on lanterns
灯会： exhibit of lanterns
相声：comic dialogue；cross talk
年糕：rice cake或者New Year cake
饺子：dumpling或者Chinese meat ravioli
汤圆：dumplings made of sweet rice
烤乳猪：roast suckling pig
八宝饭：eight-treasure rice pudding
韭菜盒子：fried leek dumplings
瓜子：red melon seeds
西瓜子： red melon seed
盐水鸭：boiled salted duck
Far and away the most important holiday in China is the Spring Festival,also known as the Chinese New Year.
To the Chinese people it is as important as Christmas to people in the West.
The dates for this annual celebration are determined by the lunar calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar,so the timing of the holiday varies from late January to early February.
To the ordinary Chinese,the festival actually begins on the eve of the lunar New Year’s Day and ends on the fifth day of the first month of the lunar calendar.
But the 15th of the first month,which normally is called the Lantern Festival,means the official end of the Spring Festival in many parts of the country.
Preparations for the New Year begin in the last few days of the last moon，when houses are thoroughly cleaned,debts repaid, hair cut and new clothes purchased.
Houses are festooned with paper scrolls bearing auspicious antithetical couplet and in many homes,people burn incense at home and in the temples to pay respects to ancestors and ask the gods for good health in the coming months.
“Guo Nian，”which means“passing the year,”is the common term among the Chinese people for celebrating the Spring Festival.It actually means greeting the new year.
At midnight at the turn of the old and new year, people used to let off fire-crackers which serve to drive away the evil spirits and to greet the arrival of the new year.
In an instant the whole city would be engulfed in the deafening noise of the firecrackers.
On New Year’s Eve,all the members of families come together to feast.
Jiao-zi,a steamed dumpling,is popular in the north, while southerners favor a sticky sweet glutinous rice pudding called nian gao.
Spring Festival is the first traditional festival for the Chinese people.
In the past years, Spring Festival was called “new year”, for this day was the first day of the lunar month according to the lunar calendar which had long been used in China, so it was the beginning of a new year.
It is recorded that Chinese people have celebrated Spring Festival for more than 4000 years, which was started by Yu Shun.
One day as far back as 2000 B.C, Shun was inaugurated as the emperor. He led his men to hold a ceremony in honor of Heaven and Earth.
From then on, people saw that day as the beginning of the year, the first day of the lunar month.
This is said to be the origin of the lunar new year, which was called Spring Festival later.
After the Revolution of 1911, China began to number the years according to the Gregorian calendar, and it was then that the lunar new year began to be called Spring Festival.