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怎样用英语介绍春节
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阅读量转藏数2019.02.04

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谢邀!用英语介绍春节,可以从以下几方面入手:

1. 春节的简介

  • 春节:the Spring Festival
  • 阴历月:lunar month
  • 返乡的人:home returnee

The Spring Festival, falling on the first day of the first lunar month, is the most important festival for the Chinese people. It's the time when all family members get together to celebrate it. People who live away from home will go back, making it the busiest time of the year for transportation systems. We call it 'chunyun', which means 'the transportation during the Spring Festival',and it can last for about a month. Railway stations, long-distance bus stations, and airports are crowded with home returnees.

春节指的是阴历年的一月一日,这对中国人来说是最重要的节日,家人们欢聚一堂,庆祝佳节。离家在外的人们会在此时回家过节,这也是一年中交通最繁忙的时候,我们称之为“春运”,通常会持续一个月左右。火车站、长途汽车站、机场,到处都挤满了回家的旅客。

2. 春节的相关节日

① 腊八

粥:porridge

On the 8th day of the 12th lunar month, many families make laba porridge, a delicious kind of porridge made with glutinous rice, millet, seeds of Job's tears, jujube berries, lotus seeds, beans and longan.

阴历十二月初八,很多家庭会做”腊八粥“,很美味,由糯米、小米、薏米、红枣、莲子、豆类以及龙眼等食材组成。

② 小年

小年:Preliminary Eve

The 23rd day of the 12th lunar month is called Preliminary Eve. On this day, people used to offer sacrifice to the kitchen god. Now however, most families make delicious food to celebrate it.

阴历十二月二十三是“小年”,以前在这一天,人们会祭祀灶神,但是现在,通常做顿美食来庆祝。

③ 除夕

除夕:Spring Festival Eve

春晚:the Spring Festival gala

The last day of the 12th lunar month is the Spring Festival Eve. Chinese people attach great significance to it. On this day, family members will eat together, having a much more luxurious meal than usual, expecting a happy ending and a good start of a new year. For dinner, dumplings are the essential part.

阴历的最后一天是“除夕”,中国人非常重视这一天。一家人会一起吃饭,菜肴比平时丰盛很多,寓意为过去的一年画上句号,期待美好的一年即将开始。对晚餐来说,饺子是必不可少的。

After the dinner, the whole family will sit together, eating snacks, chatting and watching TV. For most Chinese families at home and abroad, one of the essential part is to watch the Spring Festival gala broadcast on China Central Television Station (CCTV). Some family will stay up to see the New Year in.

晚饭过后,一家人坐在一起,吃零食、聊天、看电视。对海内外的大多数华人来说,不可或缺的一个环节就是看中央电视台的春晚。有些家庭会熬夜凌晨,迎接新的一年。

3. 春节的习俗

习俗:custom

Many customs accompany the Spring Festival. 春节有很多习俗。

①:放烟花

  • 烟花:fireworks

Burning fireworks used to be the most typical custom on the Spring Festival. However, in recent years, taking security, noise and pollutions factors into account, such an activity was completely or partially forbidden by the government in cities.

放烟花曾经是春节最典型的习俗。然而,近年来,考虑到安全、噪音以及污染等因素,政府已经禁止或部分禁止在城市放烟花了。

② 穿新衣、收红包

压岁钱:lucky money

红包:red envelope

On the morning of the Spring Festival, children will dress up in their new clothes. After extending greetings to their parents, each child will get lucky money as a New Year gift, wrapped up in red envelop.

春节的一早醒来,孩子们会穿上新衣服。在给父母拜年后,每个人都会得到红包,包着压岁钱。

此外,还有一些跟春节有关的词汇:

① 舞狮:lion dancing

② 舞龙:dragon dancing

③ 元宵节:lantern festival

④ 庙会:temple fair


欢迎关注我的头条号“Linda老师英语”,了解更多英语知识。

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