The Spring Festival, falling on the first day of the first lunar month, is the most important festival for the Chinese people. It's the time when all family members get together to celebrate it. People who live away from home will go back, making it the busiest time of the year for transportation systems. We call it 'chunyun', which means 'the transportation during the Spring Festival'，and it can last for about a month. Railway stations, long-distance bus stations, and airports are crowded with home returnees.
On the 8th day of the 12th lunar month, many families make laba porridge, a delicious kind of porridge made with glutinous rice, millet, seeds of Job's tears, jujube berries, lotus seeds, beans and longan.
The 23rd day of the 12th lunar month is called Preliminary Eve. On this day, people used to offer sacrifice to the kitchen god. Now however, most families make delicious food to celebrate it.
除夕：Spring Festival Eve
春晚：the Spring Festival gala
The last day of the 12th lunar month is the Spring Festival Eve. Chinese people attach great significance to it. On this day, family members will eat together, having a much more luxurious meal than usual, expecting a happy ending and a good start of a new year. For dinner, dumplings are the essential part.
After the dinner, the whole family will sit together, eating snacks, chatting and watching TV. For most Chinese families at home and abroad, one of the essential part is to watch the Spring Festival gala broadcast on China Central Television Station (CCTV). Some family will stay up to see the New Year in.
Many customs accompany the Spring Festival. 春节有很多习俗。
Burning fireworks used to be the most typical custom on the Spring Festival. However, in recent years, taking security, noise and pollutions factors into account, such an activity was completely or partially forbidden by the government in cities.
On the morning of the Spring Festival, children will dress up in their new clothes. After extending greetings to their parents, each child will get lucky money as a New Year gift, wrapped up in red envelop.
① 舞狮：lion dancing
② 舞龙：dragon dancing
③ 元宵节：lantern festival
④ 庙会：temple fair